What is Muharram ?


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  1. >>  What is Muharram ?

  2. >>  Quotes about Imam Husein a.s (From Non Muslims)

  3. >> The Journey of Imam Husain a.s

Hussain is a role model that all human beings can aspire to; his spirit lives on forever in the human conscience.  The way he lived and the way he died show us the value he placed on morality and honour. He taught us the true purpose of our existence – the perfection of our morals and ethics. In his own words he sums it up beautifully: “Death with dignity is better than a life of humiliation

What is Muharram?
Muharram (Arabic: محرم) It is the first month of the Islamic calendar. Instead of joyous celebration, Muslims mark the beginning of the New Year by taking up the black attire of sorrow and participate in mourning gatherings in which the sacrifices of Husayn and his companions are commemorated.It is one of the four months of the year in which fighting is prohibited. Since the Islamic calendar is lunar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar.
Muharram is so called because it was unlawful to fight during this month; the word is derived from the word ‘haram’ meaning forbidden. It is held to be the most sacred of all the months, excluding Ramadan.It is the same month when Husayn, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, was brutally massacred in Karbala alongside his family and friends in the year 680 CE/61 AH.

Their martyrdom is a sad day for all Muslims, especially the Shi’a, who hold mourning ceremonies to recall the righteous virtues for which the valiant martyrs stood and the grave calamities that they thus had to bear. The commemoration of this brutal massacre (Battle of Karbala) begins on the first day of Muharram and reaches its climax on the 10th of Muharram, the day of the battle, known as Ashurah and continues for 40 days or 69 days.

What is Ashura ?
Ashura (عاشوراء transliteration: ‘Āshūrā’, Ashura, Ashoura, and other spellings) It is on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar and marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram but not the Islamic month. It is also called Yaumu-l ‘Ashurah, or simply Ashura meaning, ‘the tenth day’. 
It is well-known because of historical significance and mourning for the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad at the Battle of Karbala in the year 61 AH (AD 680). It is a day of speeches, public processions, and great grief. Men and women chant and weep, mourning Husayn, his family, and his followers. Speeches emphasize the importance of the values for which Husayn sacrificed himself, his family, and his followers.  For centuries Shi’a pilgrims flocked here during Muharram, a practice which was severely limited under the regime of Saddam Hussein
What is Karbala ?
Karbala (Arabic: كربلاء; BGN: Al-Karbalā’; also spelled Karbala al-Muqaddasah) is a city in Iraq, located about 100 km (60 mi) southwest of Baghdad at 32.61°N, 44.08°E. 
In the time of Husayn ibn Ali’s life, the place was also known as al-Ghadiriyah, Naynawa, and Shathi’ul-Furaat.The city’s association with Shīˤa Islām have made it a centre of religious instruction as well as worship; it has more than 100 mosques and 23 religious schools, of which possibly the most famous is that of Ibn Fahid, constructed some 440 years ago.
Karbala’s prominence in Shīˤī is the result of the Battle of Karbala, fought on the site of the modern city on October 10, 680.Both Husayn and his half-brother ˤAbbās ibn ˤAlī were buried by the local Banī Asad tribe at what later became known as the Mashhad Al-Husayn. Later on city grew up around the tombs. Husayn’s tomb (View Larger Map) is a place of pilgrimage for many Shīˤa Muslims, especially on the anniversary of the battle, the Day of Āshūrā.
 
On January 19, 2008, 2 million Iraqi Shia pilgrims marched through Karbala city, Iraq to celebrate Ashura. Shi’a Muslims consider Karbala to be one of their holiest cities after Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem and Najaf. The city is best known as the location of the Battle of Karbala.
   

Battle of Karbala (Truth V/s Falsehood)

Date

October 10, 680 (Muharram 10, 61 AH)

Location

Karbala, The battlefield was a desert region located beside one of the
branches of the Euphrates Riverlandscape about 100 kilometres south of the Iraqi capital Baghdad,

Reason

Yazid l.a demanded allegiance from Husain – he knew too well that the  acceptance of the entire Muslim community was of no value without Hussain’s acceptance. In reply to this unacceptable demand, Hussain majestically replied: 

“a person like me can never pledge allegiance to a
person like him”,
 

thereby highlighting the universality of the principles from which his stand stemmed from. Hussain rose to restore freedom, peace, equality and justice; qualities which the Divine Message had perfected but were constantly undermined by those who hijacked religion and acted in its name. In a will which he wrote before leaving Medina, Hussain wrote;

“I have risen as I seek to reform the community of my
grandfather. I wish to bid the good and forbid the evil.”
 

Result

 VICTORY OF TRUTH 

“The tyrant dies and his rule ends, the martyr dies and his rule
begins.”
Soren Kierkegard 

Umayyad military gain victory physically but within 3 years Yazid died and after a few decades the rule of Banu Umayya crumbled and came to an end. Being such a big king (of that time) there is no mark of Yazid grave & not a single follower. 

Husayn ibn Ali is still alive in the hearts of Humanity millions of devotees who pay homage to them and renew, through their message, their
eternal struggle against humiliation and oppression by 
visiting the 
Imam Hussein Shrine regularly & especially in Muharram on the Day of Ashura, the anniversary of Husayn ibn Ali’s death.

Check out largest peaceful gathering at Imam Husain a.s Shrine 

You can check out this right away
from live link 
http://www.imamhussain.org/html&docs/ar/live.html

The best lesson which we get from the tragedy of Karbala is that Hussayn and his Companions were the rigid believers of God. They illustrated that numerical superiority does not count when it comes to truth and falsehood. The victory of Hussayn despite his minority marvels me. Thomas Carlye 

Combatants

Yazid ibn Muawiya (la)He was not physically present in the battle as he send the troops under the command of Umar ibn Sa’ad

Husayn ibn Ali (The Grandson of the Last prophet Mohammad [P.B.U.H])

Commanders

Umar ibn Sa’ad

Abbas ibn Ali

Strength

On the other side were the armed forces of Yazid Iabout 30 - 40,000+ men led

by Umar ibn Sa’ad.

Hussein ibn Ali’s group consisted of notable members of Muhammad’s close relatives, around 72 men  (Which were 18 family members and 54 supporters including a 6 month old baby and elderly persons) and their women’s and children’s

Casualties

5000 + (according to Shia tradition)

123 (72 Men and 51 children)

Duration        

Despite the figures of 72 men against thousands, it is recorded that the battle went on from dawn to dusk. Just Imagine the courage that 72 stood in front of thousands for such a long time while being Hungry & Thirsty for more than 3 days..

Summary

It intrigues historians that Hurrone of the highest ranked commanders of Yazid’s army, who was the man responsible for stopping Hussein at Karbala, left the overwhelming force of thousands of soldiers and joined Hussein with his son and a slave. At the 10th of Muharram he died by Husain’s side in the battle killing 41 soldiers.

According to Arab culture, anyone accompanying women and children with him is a sign of peace. It was here that Hussain, his family and Shi’a (Partisans) were confronted by the army of Yazeed. Hussain refused to pledge allegiance to the tyrant and Yazeed declared war on him. Hussain was forced to battle the army of Yazeedbut before that the army had cut off their food and water supply for more than three days. For three whole days and nights, enduring temperatures around 55°C without food or water, the males of the camp, totaling 72 (including the elderly and children) fought valiantly and were all brutally slaughtered. 

Hussain was forced to witness torture, murder, execution and mutilation of 17 male family members & 54 companions among them he witnessed the savage mutilation of Abbas – his brother, the callous murder of his nephew Qasim, the torture and execution of his innocent son AliAkbar (whose face was similar to the Holy Prophet [s.w.a]) and finally the depraved murder of his six month old baby boy – AliAsghar. Left alone finally in the battle filed Hussain was also attacked, his body was showered with arrows, sword, knifes and stones. His head was severed with blunt Knife/sword and the hooves of the horses of Yazeed’s cavalry trampled on his body. Husain and their supporters were decapitated; their bodies were mutilated and trampled by horses.   

The aftermath of the battle led to the humiliation of the women of Hussain’s camp. Their tents were looted and burnt, leaving the women to the mercy of Yazeed’s soldiers. The aggrieved children who had lost their fathers were beaten.

The captives were made to travel from Karbala to Syria – Damascus, a journey of approximately 750 miles. Their Headscarves were snatched off and they were made to trek barefoot, chained, shackled, and taken on camels without saddles, due to which many of the children fell off the camels and the women were not allowed to even stop and help their children. The graves of these children can still be seen in the desert between Karbala and Kufa.

Note:

  • Distance between Medina and Karbala about 1,100 miles.  
  • Distance between Ibn Ziyad in Kufa and Yazid in Damascus about 750 miles.   
  • Average travel by camel per day: 30-45 miles.  

The heads of all the males including that of Hussain’s six -month old son were impaled on spikes (as war trophies) and paraded through the streets. On arriving at Damascus, they were paraded in the town, for all to see and shun. A barrage of stones, rubbish and verbal abuse bombarded them. They were kept in prison for over a year It is to be noted that people who did this with the family of Prophet Mohammad (P.b.u.h) were themselves called to be Muslims. 

Check outMovies on Karbala

For more details kindly read below

The Route of Imam from  Hussain Makkah to KarbalaResearch and preparation by Syed M.R. Shabbar

After leaving Makkah there were 14 places mentioned in history books where Imam either stayed Or met people or gave sermons.  

  1. Saffah: Here Imam met Farazzdaq the poet whom Imam asked about conditions in Kufa. He said, ‘He said, ‘People’s hearts were with you but their swords were against you.’ Imam replied, ‘Allah does what he wishes. Ileave it to him who proposes the just cause. 
  2. Dhat-el-Irq: Here Imam’s cousin Abdullah Ibne Jafar brought his two sons Auwn and Mohammed to their mother Hazrat Zainab and to help the imam. He tried to persuade the Imam to return to Madina but Imam replied, ‘my destiny is in the hands of Allah.’ 
  3. Batn-er-Rumma: Imam sent a letter to Kufa with Qais bin Mashir, met Abdullah bin Mutee who came from Iraq. When he heard of Imam’s intention, he tried to stop him. He said Kufans were not faithful and could not be trusted. But Imam continued his journey.  
  4. Zurud: Imam met Zohair Ibne Qain. Zohair was not among the followers of Ahlulbait. But when Imam told him of the purpose of his journey Zohair gave all his possesions to his wife, told her to go home and said that he wished to be martyred with the Imam.  
  5. Zabala: Imam learnt from two tribesmen coming from Kufa of the death of Hazrat Muslim. Imam said, ‘Innan Lillahe wa Inna Elaihe Rajeoon. Indallah-Nahtasib Anfusana.’ ‘We are for Allah and we shall return to Him who surely accouts for our sacrifices. Asadi Tribesmen tried to dissuade the Imam from his journey but he persisted. Here Imam told his companions the news of the death of Muslim and Hani and that people in Kufa were not prepared to be their helpers. Imam said, ‘Those who want to depart leave now.’ Hoards of various tribesmen who had followed the Imam in the hope of collecting the booty realised their false hopes and scattered to their own homes. Only 50 odd people remained.  
  6. Batn-e-Aqeeq: Imam met a man from the Tribe of Akrama who told him that Kufa was no more a friendly town and was now surrounded by Yazid’s army. No one could get in or out of the town. But the Imam carried on.  
  7. Sorat: Imam stayed the night here and in the morning ordered his companions to take as much water as they can.  
  8. Sharaf: While the Imam was passing from this place, one of his companions shouted that he could see the approach of an army. Imam asked for a safe place, preferably a mountain behind them. A guide took them to the nearest mountain. 
  9. Zuhasm: It was here that Imam met Hurr’s army of 1000 men. They wre thirsty so Imam ordered his men to give them water. Imam himself helped several thirsty soldiers to drink. Even animals were given water to drink. Zohr prayers were led by the Imam and all followed him including Hurr’s soldiers. Here Imam told hurr about many letters from Kufa. He said, ‘O People of Kufa, you sent me your delegations and wrote me letters that you had no Imam and that I should come to unite you and lead you in the way of Allah. You wrote that we Ahlulbait are more qualified to govern your affairs than those who claim things to which they have no right and act unjustly and wrongly. But if you have changed your mind, have become ignorant of our Rights and have forgotten your promises, I shall turn back. But he was denied to turn back by Hurr’s army and was lead to by-pass Kufa.  
  10. Baiza: Imam reached Baiza the next day and delivered one of his most famous sermons. ‘O People, the Prophet has said that if a man sees a tyrannical ruler transgressing against Allah and the Prophet and oppressing people but does nothing by word or action to change the situation then it will be just for Allah to place him where he deservingly belongs. Do you not see to what low level the affairs have come down…? Do you not observe that truth has not adhered to and falsehood has no limit? And as for me, I look upon death as but a means of attaining martyrdom and I consider life among transgressors as nothing but an agony and an affliction.’  
  11. Uzaibul Hajanat: Here Imam stayed away from the army of Hurr and met Trimmah bin Adi. After having learnt about the Kufan abandonment of his envoy it was clear that he had no hope of support or even survival in Kufa. Nevertheless he refused an offer of safety, if not success extended to him. Trimmah pleaded to him to accept the offer of 20,000 trained men of his tribe to help him if he wanted to go to Kufa or he could retire to the mountains and safety. Imam replied to Ibne Adi, ‘Allah bless you and your people. I cannot go from my word. Things are destined. It is clear from this reply that he was fully aware of the dangers he would face and that he had a certain strategy and plan in mind to bring about a revolution in the conscience of the Muslim Ummah. He did not try to mobilise military support which he could easily have done in Hejaz nor did he try to exploit whatever physical strength was available to him.  
  12. Qasr-e-Bani Makatil: It was evident here that Kufa was no more his destination. As Hurr did not want to leave him, he by-passed Kufa and took a new route. Resting in the afternoon he uttered ‘Inna Lillah.’ His 18 years old son Ali Akber approached him and enquired. Imam said that in his sleep he had heard someone saying that these people were going to their deaths. Ali Akber asked, ‘Are we not on the Right path. Death meant nothing to them. Death of this kind transforms into the glory of martyrdom.  
  13. Nainawa: At this place a messenger of Ibne Zaid brought a message for Hurr not to leave the Imam. The battered caravan passed through Ghaziriya to a place called Karbala. Imam sighed, asked for the name of the place. Someone said Kerbala. Imam said, yes, this is the place of Kerbin-wa-bala. (a place of pain and torture.) Let us stop here for we have arrived at our destination. This is the place of our Martyrdom. This is Karbala. 
  14. Karbala: On the orders of the Imam, the tents were erected near the river which was a tributary of the River Eupheretes some miles away.  

This is a day by day account of Husayn’s time in Karbala leading up to the massacre on Ashura.Day 1 AH 61 (1st October 680) 

  1. Day 1: Husayn and his followers are prevented from reaching Kufa by Caliphate general, al-Hurr, at-Tamini’s 1,000-strong army, and are forced to make camp in the desert at Karbala, 75km from Kufa. It is here at this fateful place that Husayn and his followers’ torment began 
  2. Day 2: Husayn speaks to his followers at the camp and assures them of their goodness and truth. In return, they pledge their loyalty to him. Then, foreseeing his death, Husayn purchases about four square miles of land to be the site for his and his family’s graves from the local residents of the area.  
  3. Day 3: Four thousand additional troops under the command of Umar ibn Sa’d arrive with instructions from Ubaydu’llah ibn Ziyad that they should prevent Husayn from leaving until he signs a pledge to the Caliph, Yazid. Ibn Sa’d’s men prepare for battle and surround Husayn’s party, cutting them off from the river, their only source of water.  
  4. Day 4: Husayn begins negotiations with ibn sa’d stressing he has no desire to initiate bloodshed and asks to be allowed to withdraw to Arabia but ibn sa’d refuse to relent. Meanwhile the situation in Husayn’s camp is becoming more and more desperate due to the lack of water and fresh supplies. 
  5. Day 5: The size of the army facing Husayn’s small band of followers swells as even more troops arrive to join their brothers in arms on the banks of the Euphrates River.  
  6. Day 6: The lack of water leads to desperate measures. Husayn uses a tent pole to dig a well, but their relief is short-lived as it dries up. Ibn Ziyad sensing their anguish sends 500 troops to reinforce the cordon around the Euphrates. 
  7. Day 7: Fearing for the health of the women and children, Husayn asks his brother ‘Abbas to conduct a midnight raid past the Caliphate troops to bring back water from the river. Despite a brief skirmish ‘Abbas brings back some precious water to camp earning himself the title, ‘Saqqa’, or water bearer. The water is a godsend but does little to assuage the thirst of the entire camp. 
  8. Day 8: In desperation Husayn sends a message to Sa’d requesting they meet, he questions Sa’d’s allegiance to Yazid by asking, “Don’t you fear God on the Day of Judgement? You know who I am”. Sa’d’s loyalty is unshaken; he considers trying to act as a peacemaker between Husayn and Yazid but is dissuaded when his supporters urge him not to compromise. 
  9. Day 9: After a long, hot day in the desert filled with the cries of children for water, Husayn’s camp prepares for the attack they know is coming and are powerless to stop. Husayn gathers his companions together and pleads with them; “Whoever remains with me will be killed tomorrow; so consider this opportunity as Allah sent and take advantage of the darkness and go home to your villages.” He then extinguishes all the lights in the camp to allow those who want to leave to do so. His followers weep and reply, “Oh master do not thus shame us before Allah…were we to desert you, may the wild beasts of the jungle tear us to pieces.” Husayn sends one last message to Sa’d asking to be spared one last night so that they may pray to Allah and recite the Qur’an. Sa’d reluctantly agrees and the Imam gathers his followers together for one last sermon. Again, his followers protest their loyalty and vow to die alongside their master.Such was the power of their faith that when the enemy saw them praying 32 soldiers switched sides and joined them including Hurr, the commander of the original army that had routed Husayn from Kufa. He became one of the first martyrs to fall.  
  10. Day 10: ‘Ashura’ Friday 10th Muharram, 61 AH (10th October AD680) On what was to be his last day Husayn and some of his followers implore the ibn Sa’d troops for the final time not to shed the blood of the Prophet’s house. Leading by example, ibn Sa’d is the first to shoot an arrow into the pitifully small camp. Despite their lack of numbers, Husayn’s followers’ fight ferociously refusing to give up.By mid-afternoon Husayn and his relatives face the marauding army, their defence spent. One by one they fall including Husayn’s sons aged just 11 and 13. Husayn continues to appeal to the enemy’s humanity; he takes his six-month-old baby son and pleads for water. The enemy responds by shooting poisoned arrows which pierce the neck of the baby killing it instantly. Finally Husayn is the last left standing finally falling on the battlefield next to his dead comrades. Covered in wounds, Husayn is then decapitated and his body is mutilated in order to send souvenirs back to Yazid. His followers suffer a similar fate. Their bodies are trampled by enemy horses and left where they fell denying them a Muslim burial.Yazid’s soldiers then loot and plunder the remains of the camp taking the women and children prisoner including ‘Ali, the only surviving son of Husayn.  

Why it is called as Battle for Truth?

The battle of Karbala finds great similarity with the one at Badr – Islam’s first battle. It was the holy Prophet [PBUH] at Badr who fought with 313 die-hard supporters against a formidable army of some 1000 men. That day against all odds the small group won a decisive victory, and paved the way for a future Muslim empire. 56 years later it was his grandson with just 72 loyal men, who fought against an impossible opposition of several thousands to save Islam from the clutches of tyranny. 

Karbala was a battle of truth against falsehood, humanity against villainy, righteousness against evil, justice against corruption. The much loved grandson of the Prophet [PBUH] stood in the scorching heat of Karbala along with his companions, devoid of water but determined. His loved ones, including his six month old son, fell martyr one after the other. In spite of this he repeatedly invited the other party towards righteousness and forbade them from evil and immorality, but it all fell on deaf ears. When the time arrived for him to march ahead all alone, he did it in a fashion which was reminiscent of his illustrious father Ali. 

One of those who fought the battle of Karbala against him says, “I have never seen a person bereaved of his sons, menfolk and his companions more Lion-hearted than him. The foot soldiers were scattering to his right and left like goats when a wolf come upon them.” —                   –Ibne Aseer, Tareekh Kamil 

Husain fell in the desert of Karbala on that fateful Friday, the 10th of Moharram 61H. Worse was to follow. The bodies of the martyrs including the Imam were not only refused a proper burial but were trampled under the horses’ hooves and were left for the birds. The Kufan army looted the belongings of Husain. Imam’s family including his women-folk and tender children were humiliated and taken captives after burning down their camps. The women were paraded with uncovered heads. It wasn’t Islam!

 “If Hussain fought to quench his worldly desires, then I do not understand why his sisters, wives and children accompanied him. It stands to reason therefore that he sacrificed purely for Islam.”                                        —Charles Dickens 

The severed heads of the martyrs including Husain were raised on spears. How Yazid played with Husain’s head and the emotions of Imam’s family is a well documented fact. Karbala to this day remains a heart-wrenching story of exemplary courage and bravery to uphold the real principles of Islam. 

“In a distant age and climate, the tragic scene of the death of Husain will awaken the sympathy of the coldest reader.”                                     — Edward Gibbon 

Abdullah Yusuf Ali, the famous English translator of Qurán, has beautifully summed up the whole essence of this epic battle. There is of course the physical suffering in martyrdom, and all sorrow and suffering claim our sympathy, — 

- The dearest, purest, most out-flowing sympathy that we can give. But there is a greater suffering than physical suffering. That is when a valiant soul seems to stand against the world; when the noblest motives are reviled and mocked; when truth seems to suffer an eclipse. It may even seem that the martyr has but to say a word of compliance, do a little deed of non-resistance; and much sorrow and suffering would be saved; and the insidious whisper comes: “Truth after all can never die.” That is perfectly true. Abstract truth can never die. It is independent of man’s cognition. But the whole battle is for man’s keeping hold of truth and righteousness. And that can only be done by the highest examples of man’s conduct – spiritual striving and suffering enduring firmness of faith and purpose, patience and courage where ordinary mortals would give in or be cowed down, the sacrifice of ordinary motives to supreme truth in scorn of consequence. The martyr bears witness, and the witness redeems what would otherwise be called failure. It so happened with Husain. For all were touched by the story of his martyrdom, and it gave the deathblow to the politics of Damascus and all it stood for.

What Lessons do we learn from Karbala?

Karbala stands for courage, self-sacrifice, integrity, honesty, vision, and bravery beyond words. It symbolises all that is pure and true. Karbala teaches us that real battles are always fought in the minds and not on ground. Yazid was powerful and yet he lost the battle for truth. I learned from Hussain how to be wronged and be a winner.” —Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi in 1924 writing in ‘Young India’’ about the battle of Karbala said among other things ‘’ I wanted to know the best of the life of one who holds today an undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind….the utter self-effacement of Hussain, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission to save Islam.’’  

Also, being in the majority need not necessarily make you right. “The best lesson which we get from the tragedy of Karbala is that Hussain and his companions were the rigid believers of God. They illustrated that numerical superiority does not count when it comes to truth and falsehood. The victory of Hussain despite his minority marvels me!    —Thomas Carlyle 

As the old adage goes, “Nothing lasts for ever.” Husain and his followers made sure that their martyrdom gave a fatal blow to Yazid’s oppressive rule. Karbala haunted Yazid till his eventual death two years later.

 “Imam Husayn uprooted despotism forever till the Day of Resurrection. He watered the dry garden of freedom with the surging wave of his blood, and indeed he awakened the sleeping Muslim nation. Husayn weltered in blood and dust for the sake of truth. Verily he, therefore, became the bed-rock (foundation) of the Muslim creed; la ilaha illa Allah (There is no god but Allah).”   —Sir Muhammad Iqbal 

It also teaches us to be patient and stand up against any form of wrong treatment. We curse Yazid and his army for their inhuman treatment of people, yet the cruel treatment of captives by the so called jihadis meets little protest. Muslims must recognize and protest against the savagery of inhuman treatment at all times, no matter who does it and where it takes place. 

“If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (For ever): And the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.”     — Surah An-Nisa (Chapter 4), Verse 93 

The best homage that we can pay to the great tragedy is to do some soul-searching. Do we have the right to be called the followers of the Prophet [PBUH]? Have we really understood the message of Imam Husain? Are the tears for Husain drawn merely by the scenes of mere butchery? Would we ever stand up to the false narrations of the events at Karbala by some maulanas to generate excessive grief? Was Karbala a political war or a struggle for true faith?  

Are we ready to shed aside our differences and respect each others’ view during our religious discourses during Moharram? 

And when we finally have all the answers then we would understand the real message of Karbala.   

–>

100 Responses to “What is Muharram ?”

  1. moralsandethics Says:

    What is Muharram? What is Ashura ? What is Karbala?
    http://www.aimislam.com/external/aim-muharram

    To know more about Imam Husain (a.s) and Kerbala
    English Literature on Imam Al-Hussain (Peace be upon him)
    http://www.aimislam.com/ashura/literature.html

    • Turab Ali Says:

      Vvvvvry nice my Allah bless u…thnx allot…?

  2. mohammad Says:

    salamalykum

    I found this link from other indiamuslim blog.. Dear Brother these people have habbit of deleting post which exxpose them…so reck after posting your reply there…

    wassalam

  3. Beauty Says:

    very nice

  4. firoze shakir Says:

    Hi I have used you article on my post on Muharam, with your link back..
    One of the finest articles I have ever read.Wish you well .

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/firozeshakir/2886357542/

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  7. Shah ast Hussain (as) » Moharam…Spiritual Salvation of the Soul Says:

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    • Firoze Shakir (@firozeshakir) Says:

      My Shah Ast Hussain is no more.. all my Shia stuff is in a set and as a Collection at Flickr.com..Thanks

  8. saadatu bintu Attahiru Says:

    May Allah (S.W.A) in His infinite mercy continue to shower mercy on the Holy prophet Muhammad(s.a.w) and you the publisher of the meaning of Muharram, infact i really enjoy it and i will extend it to other muslims brothers and sister in Nigeria, INSHAALLAHU.

  9. Tauseef Says:

    This is really good article.

  10. Raza Says:

    Good Work Keep It up………

  11. Manal Says:

    Asalmoilacom i am Muslim to and this is a great Way to Explain Muharrmam

  12. Mahi Says:

    Salam, tears rolled down my eyes and woke me up even more today, after reading on Moharram…and all the comments passed on by the great leaders/ writers/ philosophers.

    May AllahSWT bless you for your good work.

    Salam.

  13. M Alam Says:

    Salam, brief but excellent article on Muharram. I have specially enjoyed the great comments of so many great people. It is a great learning for me.

    Thanks for the work and may Allah SWT bless you all.

  14. saba aziz Says:

    this is one of the finest aritcle i ever read thank you so much i get alot of infromation about the event of karbala

  15. Sanjay Paul Says:

    I am a Christian, who believes in Kuran as well as Muhammed (PBUH) as i believe in Jesus Christ (PBUH).
    All these days i thought Muharram as a Government holiday, this morning I really wanted to know what it is. After reading this entire article I came to know the story & the scrifice of Husayn ibn Ali along with his family.
    May Almighty Bless!!

  16. sameer Says:

    i just wanted to know that husyan was grandson or son in law ( nawase) of prophet.

    • moralsandethics Says:

      Imam Husein (a.s) was the son of Prophet’s (P.B.U.H) daughter Janabe Fatema Zehra (S.A)
      i.e. Nawase Rasul-e-Khuda (S.A.W.W)

  17. Ishrath Says:

    Great work. May Allah reward you for this. Ameen!

  18. Md Ali HAidry Says:

    A very good summary…keep up writing and exposing the truth…Alhamdolillah

  19. moralsandethics Says:

    Few words/comments about Imam Husain (AS)
    the Grandson of Prophet Mohammed. (S.A.W.W) by important personalities /writers / leaders/ philosophers

    http://moralsandethics.wordpress.com/2009/01/26/about-imam-husain-as/

  20. Syed Siraj H. ZAIDI Says:

    Zikar Hussian = Zikar Allah, blessed are those hands who did this marvious research. May Bibi Zainab ( sa) take you to jannat, for this blessed work that you did.
    More research with pricise dates in Yazid prison the condetion and teh captive peried is requred …pls keep up the good work.

    S. Siraj h. Zaidi

  21. Alishah Says:

    Assalam-e-Alakum
    i read this article this is so good articles Excellent May Allah Well Wishes To You.

  22. Alishah Says:

    Excellent

  23. Naghman Ali Says:

    Assalam-e-alakum

    I read this article this is so Good
    Really Nice

  24. Moharam Ki Pyas - Shah ast Hussain (as) Says:

    [...] moralsandethics.wordpress.com/2008/01/11/what-is-muharram/ [...]

  25. ali hussain Says:

    i am very very touched , and i wish i would have been one of the martyrs with the imam hussain , since i am here in the present world , i will always serve my life for the course of islam as the way the imams course of truth was , . very good abstract frm notable heroes. keep it up

  26. Library Centre » Happy Holidays Says:

    [...] the Morals and Ethics site, here is some information on the celebration of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic [...]

  27. mohammed abbas Says:

    i like it very much when i read it it made me cry like anything, you all guys are doing a very good job keep it up! may god bless you and let god fulfill your kind and humble needs

    thank you!

  28. imran Says:

    love this link but please post some more stories regarding karbalah

  29. Naveed ALi Says:

    I just wanted to say what great work you did in explaining Muharram , May ALLAH bless you I SPIT AND CURSE YAZID AND ANYONE WHO FOLLOWS HIM!!

  30. Muharram « Luvreggaemusic's Blog Says:

    [...] Want to learn more about it? Check out http://moralsandethics.wordpress.com/2008/01/11/what-is-muharram/ [...]

  31. Ashfaq Says:

    Thanks very much, very nice keep it up.

  32. mr.hassan Says:

    ITS SOME THINK INTERESTING…. WHY ONLY SIAH ARE CELEBRATE THIS SPECIALY?WHY SUNNI MUSLIMS ARE NOT?

    • MoralsandEthics Says:

      That you have to investigate yourself & ask your heart…
      If the Family of Holy prophet (s.a.w) had face so much curelty then what we need to be done.. as a true lover will always love what his Mehbub likes & hate all things which he dislikes.. logically also u will get the reply for this…

  33. Sara Says:

    Th for the posts and links they are gr8
    Al salam alayka ya aba abdi allah

  34. md ismail Says:

    nice information abt muharram….good job
    jazak-allah

  35. Muharram, New Year Messages, Vaikuntha Ekadasi etc Says:

    [...] and instead of Joy the celebrate the festival with Mourning. to know more about the Festival visit What is Muharram ? or en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mourning_of_Muharram Social Bookmarking Tags: Muharram, New Year [...]

  36. Safa Says:

    moharram is the day of the gisisand his family they are daid on that day.And thy are was have very big problom with bad people.

  37. Azam Sharif Says:

    in the starting of this page there is written the meaning of Muharram ul haram. by the way the person who write this page he should think if the meaning in muharram ul haram word haram is meaning actual haram then what about Masjid al haram? think just think and see the meaning of haram what in arabic may he checked the persien language in sted of arabic.

    • moralsandethics Says:

      Muharram, The Arabic language has two separate words, حرم ḥaram and حرام ḥarām, both derived from the same triliteral Semitic root Ḥ-R-M. Both of these words can mean “forbidden” and/or “sacred” in a general way, but each has also developed some specialized meanings. Also in Arabic Language there are diffrent meaning of the same words and it can be known by (when/how) it is used in sentence.

  38. Marokkaanse Says:

    Salamau3alekoum

    Nice article on Muharram mashallah. It is a great learning for me. I have specially enjoyed the great comments of so many great people.

    May Allah SWT bless you all.

  39. truman Says:

    The same muslims resorted to sword for converting non-muslims

    • moralsandethics Says:

      Mulims never used the sword for converting but only for defending. ISLAM has spread through good morals.

  40. truman Says:

    The story is true but it sends a message that Islam exists in violent battles

    • moralsandethics Says:

      This story clarifies very well that every one who call himself as muslim can not be a musilm. As if you see in this battle even the Yazid (la) & his army were calling themselves as Muslims but were not follwing a single act of ISLAM. ISLAM has never taught to keep any one thirsty or stop for drinking water (not allowed for even animals). It has never forced any one for accepting ISLAM, it has prohibited to mutilate the bodies of even animals then how can it allow for humans. ISLAM has never taught of torturing & killing of womens and kids. It has never taught of murdering of 6 month old baby being thirsty with the arrow which is used for killing the huge animals.

      And you if see the 2nd group of Imam Huesin (a.s) see the patience and forgiveness. See how Imam Husein (a.s) gave so many chance to avoid blood shed by sending messages to yazidi army. See how Imam Husein (a.s) forgave so many people (even though they harmed/torured Imam) who were in Yazid army & return to Imam Husein (a.s) at last moment. This is what ISLAM teaches. Even after all the family memeber being got killed Imam ask them to seek forgivenss and seek to the True path. The same you can see how Prophet Nuh (a.s) called & reminded his nation for 900 years before the chastiesment came from the Almighty Allah. Similar incident is found when the battle of Siffien in which Muawiya stop the water on the ary of Imam Ali (a.s) but when Imam Ali (a.s) captured the river He (a.s) allowed everyone to drink from it.

      To know the reals ISLAM you need to see the real personality not the kingship/rulership. if you will try to understand the ISLAM by the rulers/kings which came uner the banners of ISLAM then u will not find the true ISLAM but the true ISLAM can be found from the Divne leader whom ALLAH Almighty has send to the people. To learn what actually ISLAM teaches see the Life of Holy prophet (s.a.w) & his 12 sucessors one after other; Imam Ali (a.s), Imam Hasan (a.s), Imam Husein (a.s)………till Imam Mehdi (a.t.f.s). You will find the notic the diffrence of ISLAM of rulership & ISLAM of divine leadership

      • anam Says:

        the answer you gave clarified every sort of doubt..may Allah bless you…keep up the good work

  41. WAsim Says:

    words mistake I think ???????????????

  42. Mohamed Migdady Says:

    I beleave Immam Husayn started the first ideology how to stand up for truth all the time. Every body reviewed the history can figur out that alot of Husaynes learned from Immam husayn the idea and followed his foot steps. see the Intifadah in palestine how many husaynes we have? look at Omar al muktar in Libya how he fougt againest the enemy in order to free his country. look at Immam Al sader how he said know to Saddam.

  43. abdulaziz Heidary Says:

    words can not convey what Imam Hossein did but thank you all of you

  44. Mahboob Ali Jafri Says:

    This is the finest display of words an exemplary on the Subject…… You did Justice to the subject matter. God bless you.
    Now it’s our moral responsibilities to take it forward from here and to educate people to know what and where is true Islam lies and what it is….

    I was looking for this kind of summary now I’ve got it hence my part start from here.

    • shazia Says:

      ar macdonald food haram

  45. shazia shafi Says:

    wy do we need to fast

  46. Younus "jawahiri" Says:

    Salam “Hello ” Dear !
    I am unus jawahiri from Afghanistan , i am Shay ha Alli , i am so happy that i found me as Muslim like Shayha , i want to thanks from your site the got me to know about Moharam be lucky all of your live

  47. mohammad Says:

    i learned alot form this article
    Thankz i respect all people and there belives
    i hope that one day there would be peace in the whole world

  48. Zahra Says:

    Mr Hassan and Moral and Ethics,

    you are so wrong in stating how this day is remember only by a certain sect in Islam. It is a sad occasion for the entire Muslim Umma. I do not call myself a sunni or a shia or pledge alleigance to any other silly faction of Islam because under the banner of Islam we are supposed to be Muslims as followers. The Prophet (PBUH), Hazrat Ali (RA), Imam Husayn (AS) were all Muslims and never called themselves Shia or Sunni or Wahaabi! Its a real shame for you to have unravelled such impotant and interesting information in such a good manner only to hold such shallow biasis. and i am sure, this post of mine will not make the cut and you wont allow for it to be posted on the website.

    • moralsandethics Says:

      Dear Zahra,
      It’s not me stating about any particular sect but I have mentioned what is TRUE & FACT. Nothing makes diffrence by just stating me as every one know who remembers and who prohibits from remembering. I agree with you that “It is a sad occasion for the entire Muslim Umma” but will you deny that Wahabi’s who call themselves a sect of ISLAM consider it as a sad occasion ?? have you not seen other than Shia brother’s who remembers this 10 days quote as “Jashne Shahide Imam Husein (a.s)”. Or Have you not seen that they exchange greetings as Muharram Mubarak. Have you not seen marriage ceremony among the muslims during this occasion?? Is this the way of remembering the sad occasion ?? Apart from Shi’sm no other sect considers Muharram as a sad occasion. There is no bais in my information, and I have just quoted what the fact is.

      Secondly, I agree that we are all muslims and The Prophet (PBUH), Hazrat Ali (AS), Imam Husayn (AS) were all Muslims and never called themselves Shia or Sunni or Wahaabi because they were divine leader and not followers. As we (ummat) are the followers, diffrent sect came into exisitence after the Holy prophet (s.a.w) to get distinguished as per the leaders whom they followed. And because of this diffrent kind of Teachings also prevailed in ISLAM. I think I don’t need to explain more from here as you might be well aware of the History after the life of Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

      • sahil Says:

        All Muslims mourn and grief the tragedy of karbala,every knowledgeable Muslim person teaches the story of Karbala with great sadness. Only enactment of grief and crying in groups doesnt state that only Shias mourn during Karbala. Even a Non believer who deosnt know anything about Islam respects the Martyred Characters . This is how the actual Islam Spread.

        • moralsandethics Says:

          Then What does Wahabis do ?? Do they mourn and cry?? they call themselves as Muslims and all others as kafir….

          Not all Muslims…But yes I agree that those who all have a heart wiil have a grief and cry on Imam Husein (a.s) whether a Muslim/Non-Muslim because who so ever have

          thier innate nature (Fitrat) as pure he will cry as crying in nature….
          The More you love any one the more you cry for it’s loss….it’s uptos us that how much we cry & mourn on the opression of Imam Husein (a.s).

  49. IQRAH Says:

    MAY EACH AND EVERY SOUL THAT IS STILL ON THIS EARTH LEARN FROM THE VALUE OF MUHARRAM AND MAY PEACE AND BLESSINGS BE WITH EACH AND EVERYONE OF US NOT ONLY AT THIS TIME BUT EACH SECOND WE BREATHE. EVERY DAY THAT WE ARE ON THIS EARTH WE ARE GIVEN A SECOND CHANCE TO BE CLOSER TO ALLAH SUBHANA WA TAALAH AND SO THAT, WE MUST REPENT FOR OUR SINS. INSHA-ALLAH

  50. Turab Ali Says:

    LABAIK YA HUSSAIN (a.s)

  51. haider abbas Says:

    thnx for providing all the information allah will provide you the aajrh…………

  52. Gulbazk Says:

    Mashallah who ever had update this all information.i salute dat perso..thnks 4 all d information.

    Mashallah

  53. Hasan Says:

    Please look at 10. Moharram i think its misprint 11 and 13 years sons of Imam Husayn a.s. ? please correct me.

    • moralsandethics Says:

      what are pointing to ??

      • Hasan Says:

        Am pointing to the 10 days of Moharram summary. Please look at 10th day (Ashura day) please read the full para “Day 10: ‘Ashura’ Friday 10th Muharram, 61 AH (10th October AD680) On what was to be his last day Husayn and some of his followers implore the ibn Sa’d troops for the final time not to shed the blood of the Prophet’s house. Leading by example, ibn Sa’d is the first to shoot an arrow into the pitifully small camp. Despite their lack of numbers, Husayn’s followers’ fight ferociously refusing to give up.By mid-afternoon Husayn and his relatives face the marauding army, their defence spent. One by one they fall including Husayn’s sons aged just 11 and 13. Husayn continues to appeal to the enemy’s humanity; he takes his six-month-old baby son and pleads for water. The enemy responds by shooting poisoned arrows which pierce the neck of the baby killing it instantly. Finally Husayn is the last left standing finally falling on the battlefield next to his dead comrades. Covered in wounds, Husayn is then decapitated and his body is mutilated in order to send souvenirs back to Yazid. His followers suffer a similar fate. Their bodies are trampled by enemy horses and left where they fell denying them a Muslim burial.Yazid’s soldiers then loot and plunder the remains of the camp taking the women and children prisoner including ‘Ali, the only surviving son of Husayn. “

  54. Zahra Says:

    They were leaders, true… but they were followers of the religion of Islam too. And they were leaders of the religion of Islam. and so we should be followers of the religion of Islam and not of sects.
    You talk about extreme elements of wahabis and sunnis. I know MANY, MANY people to pledge allegiance to those sects and are not reciting incantations of Shia deaths in their hearts.
    It doesn’t matter who feels bad or sad or celebrates or remembers these days.. some people feel they need to shun out the rest of the world and remember this day the way its required… others don’t. Who put you in charge of judging who is correct and who isn’t? Are you God? Just because some folks continue life as it is and perhaps dont set aside these 10 days of remembrance… makes them kuffaar?
    whatever happened was horrible and sad… and it pains EVERY MUSLIMS heart when reminded of the sacrifice our great leaders have made in the name of this religion which is Islam and not Shiism or Sunnism or Wahaabiism. I can talk about Shias who are extremely lopsided in their view… would that be fair representation of All Shias? Of course not… its just that we are educated human beings in the 21st century and we still think like those belonging to pagan times… of swearing our sincerity to certain factions and them creating unnecessary rife amongst us….
    for those who wrong us… let Allah deal with the things they do… who are we? mere mortals? do we not sin everyday? are we sure sure of securing a place in Jannah? Should we not worry over our own acts in our daily lives and stop judging those around us…?
    That is all i want to say… I wish we could extract this myopic view of sectarianism and put a halt to riding the high horse of false superiority…. and if we can’t, then at least we have no right to judge how another Muslim lives…
    whether they do a physical display of it or not… it pains every Muslim heart when reminded of what happened on these days…. and if they don’t, then let God deal with them instead of being consumed by this ridiculous hatred.

    • moralsandethics Says:

      I do agree and that it doesn’t matter me “who feels bad or sad or celebrates or remembers these days” as every individual has to answer thier Lord and yes surely the Lord of World will dealt with them.

      I just noted in my blog what is the fact and It was you who started reacting to it. I never quoted any one right or wrong follwers, nor did I judged any one as this is not the place for that. For this there are lot of other blogs & sites where you can debate & get the answer for what the primary issue is there for this sectarianism. I would recommed you to kindly read the Life History of The Holy prophet (s.a.w) and after demise of the Holy prophet (s.a.w) .

      • Zahra Says:

        Just so you know, that i have no intention to pick up a cyber fight unnecessarily. And this is why i “reacted”…

        “Their martyrdom is a sad day for all Muslims, especially the Shi’a, who hold mourning ceremonies to recall the righteous virtues for which the valiant martyrs stood and the grave calamities that they thus had to bear. ”

        it is not “especially for the Shi’a”

        secondly, your response to Mr. Hassan

        Thanks and regards
        Wasalaam.

        • moralsandethics Says:

          it is well known fact that it is “especially for the Shi’a” because they remember this event in special manner which no once could deny acorss the globe; even goverment of the countries across the globe accept this and hence they grant special permission to them during this 2 months and 10 days rememberence. Just to quote a e.g Shias observe this event till 2 months and 10 days and none other Shia does that. They also arrange mourning gathering during these days in thier homes for first 10 days and even during this 2 months and 10 days.

  55. Ali Says:

    Jazaak Allah kheir for this article brother

    Sister zahra- you are missing the point COMPLETELY- All the brother did was mention shia people especially take special heed to this monumental even in History- yet you preach a utopian society where it’s black and white- I like to think of things as existing on levels:

    For starters, yes- all sects aside – we are Muslims – Ashhadu Ana la lillaha ila Allah wa Ashhadu ana Muhammad rasul Allah ( for some including myself [I am not preaching/negating you from Islam by mentioning this] Wa Ashhadu Ana Ali’ yan Wali Allah ), now as the human mind develops as it grows older and more
    Understanding- it stands for principles, it stands for ideas/judgements- what else defines us?
    I think with increased Iman comes this NEED to follow certain principles and reject others – hence the concept of sectarianism.

    My social circles are all Sunni people-fence’snce’ inclusive- however- we co-exist
    peacefully- that ability to co-exist/not condemn to hell/preach a peaceful co-existence is a trait all Muslims should have rather than abolishing jurispudende in the sects and the many branches that exist.

    Wa3alaykum Alsalam

  56. Firoze Shakir (@firozeshakir) Says:

    I have copied your post at my Flickr blog

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/firozeshakir/4345380462/in/photostream

    Thank you very much..

  57. muharram2012 Says:

    this was a superb article on muharram for whom who dont know about the sacrifies of IMAM Hussain and their follwers…………..

  58. Ramin Rosta Says:

    Today is the first day of ( MUHARRAM ) and here is some information for those who wana know …

  59. ASH Says:

    THIS ARTICLE GAVE ME AWESOME INFORMATION ON MUHARRAM EVERYTHING I WANTED TO KNOW I FOUND HERE THNXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

  60. ishrat Says:

    this is one of the gr8 article on the topic muharram ..i needed an article on this topic when i read this i especially selected this one for my speech…..thanks

  61. sayed Ahmad Mukhtar Mosavi Says:

    khodavand shum ar ba Agha Imam Hussain mahshur bedarad.
    والسلام

  62. MOHAMMED AZIZ UDDIN Says:

    JAZAKALLAH KHAIR ! VERY MEANINGFUL AND CLEAR EXPLANATION ABOUT MAHARRAM.

    MAY ALMIGHTY ALLAH GIVE US HIDAYATH TO PRACTICE THE SAME .
    THANKS AND REGARDS
    AZIZ

  63. Furqan Ahmed Says:

    Assalamualekum.. Tears rolled down from my eyes and woke me up even more today, I come to know the reality of muharram by this post.. May allah give forgiveness to the writers of this post and me also & make us able to fight against the injustice and falsehood.. Aameen..!!

  64. Ibrahim Says:

    By Him in whose hand is my soul The Almighty Allah has perfected the deen and chosen for us Islam.
    How perfect Allah has made the Quran and this message was conveyed by the greatest of Allah’s creations and servants The Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.
    We must remember when those beloved companions of Allah’s messenger learned of his departure from this world they were filled with grief and sorrow.
    One particular companion would not accept this news and stated he would cut off the persons neck who mentioned Allah’s beloved prophet had died……yet Abu Baker R.A quoted from the Quran that…..Prophets have come and gone but Allah is alive…..
    We have to remember that everything has a beginning and an end….except Allah The Almighty.
    So when the prophet died could their be a more greater loss than him…..Allah and the Angels send blessings on the Holy Prophet so when he died there was a sorrow and a great feeling of loss.
    However as history shows that even until this day there is no marking of sorrow or sadness of the death of the holy prophet P.B.U.H.
    There has been no event no mentioning from the companions of the prophet that they would mark his death with any kind of remembrance.
    They have not deviated from preaching the message of Allah after the prophet passed away.
    This is what all the prophets whom Allah has sent to mankind for is to remind us of our true destiny.
    This is what we should remember and work towards as the true religion of Islam and remember that we are here to serve Allah our creator.
    Muslims must come together and not become sidelined into things that take us away from our deen.
    We are here for a purpose and that is what we must do.
    My brothers and sisters do not sell your soul for anything less than a place in Al-Jannah you only get one life this life and therefore serve your creator who created the Jinn and mankind for the purpose of worship.

    • moralsandethics Says:

      Dear Brother Ibrahim,

      I didn’t wanted to have debate on this blog but as you have raised a question then it was necessary to reply and make other readers also aware of the truth. I have quoted & highlighted just few traditions from Ahle Sunna, there are numerous such tradition which proves on Mourning & remembrance on Imam Husein (a.s) because of his High position and greatest sacrifice for saving the ISLAM. Imam Husein (a.s) hold such a high position in the eyes of humanity that even the non believers remembers his sacrifice every year….

      To remember the Martyrs is not only the Sunnah of Prophet(s) but also the practice of Sahaba

      When read in Al Bidayah wa al Nihaya, Volume 4 page 45, published Beirut:
      It is narrated by Abu Hurariah(r) that the Prophet(s) used to visit the graves of martyrs every year. When He(s) would reach the entrance of the mountain, He(s) would say (to the martyrs): ‘Asalam alailekum Bima Sabartum’. This means ‘peace be on you due to your patience and you have reached a pleasant place due to this.’ Then after Prophet(s), Abu Bakar also used to come (every year), and after him Umar used to do the same and then Usman also did the same”After this narration the word ‘every year’ is recorded in the narrations of Waqidi.

        The Shi’a accordingly commemorate the memory of martyrs of Kerbala every year. The Prophet (s) and his companions would visit the graves of Uhud’s martyrs every year. Similarly we like to go to the tomb of Imam Husayn (as) every year in Muharam.If one cannot implement this practise by practically visiting Kerbala every Muharam there is no grounds to abandon it altogether, we seek to do as much as we can to remember our ill-treated Imam. So we commemorate the day with processions, conferences, and mourning to show our love and faith, though we cannot go to the tomb every year.
        Mourning from History & its repeatation

      1. Mourning by Adam (as) and Hawa (as) for their slain son.
      “The Father and Mother of humanity wept for their son Habeel for so long that their tears turned into a stream”. [Tareekh Yaqoobi, volume 1, page 3]

      2. It is said that Prophet Yaqoob (a.s.) wept so much for his son Yusuf (a.s.) that the pupils of his eyes became white.
      “And he turned away from them, and said: O my sorrow for Yusuf! And his eyes become white on account of the grief,” (Surah Yusuf 12:84)

      3.Unanimously all Muslim agree that the Holy Prophet (s) named the year in which Khadija (as) and Abu Talib (as) died as “Aam al Huzn” i.e. ‘The Year of Grief’.What other reason could there be for naming a whole year as ‘Aam al Huzn’, other than the Prophet(s) dedicating it to commemorate the loss of his uncle and beloved wife? Is this act of the Prophet(s) a Sunnah or not? We the Shi’a mourn our Imam (as) for ten days, Rasulullah (s) mourned for an entire year. Even after the passage of a year Rasulullah (s) never got over this grief, and this was known to Ayesha who wanted him (s) to abandon his remembrance of his dead wife. We read in Saheeh al Bukharee Hadeeth: 5.166 this narration from Ayesha:

      “I did not feel jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet as much as I did of Khadija though I did not see her, but the Prophet used to mention her very often, and whenever he slaughtered a sheep, he would cut its parts and send them to the women friends of Khadija. When I sometimes said to him, “(You treat Khadija in such a way) as if there is no woman on earth except Khadija,” he would say, “Khadija was such-and-such, and from her I had children”.

      The testimony of Ahl’ul Sunnah’s from H.Aysha is clear evidence that the Prophet (s) never got over grieving his wife and it is obvious that the Dhikr of Khadija (as) would also have taken place in presence of receptive ears. The process of Dhikr between a speaker and listener is called a congregation (Majalis). We likewise commemorate the deaths of Khadija (as) and Abu Talib (as) and the martyrdom of Imam Husayn (as).If Muslims have no issue with celebrating nights such as the Miraaj of our Prophet (s) then there is no reason to abandon the remembrance of calamities because both grief and happiness are important in life.

      4. Umar said: ‘whenever I venture out at sunrise I remember the death of my brother Zaid bin Khattab [al Bidaya wa al Nihaya, Volume 6 page 370].Look at the words of your Master Umar who remembered the death of his brother throughout his life. so what it the harm in remembering the death of Holy prophet (s.a) or his grandson Imam Husein (a)

      5. We read in the Sunni text Gham – e – Husayn, Page 7 the following words of this Sufi Saint: The ten days of Muharam are for we Muslims, days of mourning and grief. To lament on the slaughtered Imam is certainly following in the Holy Prophet’s (a) footsteps. I consider weeping and lamenting on Imam Husayn (as) and making others too cry & weep an act of great reward. I do not wish to talk or remember anything other than the Tragedy of Imam Husayn (as) during these ten days of Muharam. All the Saints and holy men and Sufi personalities in Hindustan have always openly expressed grief and sorrow and cried and wept profusely on the Day of Ashura. Maulana Shah Muhammad Suleiman Hanafi Qadri Chishti, the residing Saint of Phulwari Shareef also commemorated this grief & sorrow.
      If expressing grief and sorrow, weeping for Imam Husayn (as) and making others do the same were Haraam, then all the Sufi Saints and holy men of Hindustan would not have perpetually practiced this sorrow during their

      6. “Imam al Harmain” whose actual name was Abdal Malik having Ziauddin as his title, according to Allamah Shibli Naumani was considered as a supreme scholar of his era and many renowned ulema were his students which included Imam Ghazali. Imam Ghazali while mentioning the mourning over his death writes in his authority work ‘Kunjeena Hidayaath’ the Urdu translation of Kameela Sa’aadth page 3 “The Imam of Haramain died in 478 Hijri. At that time all the market stalls in Nishapur were closed and the pulpit in the Jami Mosque was broken, his students that numbered almost 400 destroyed their books and pens and mourned him for a whole year.”

        We appeal to justice. These are the people, who have a historical enmity with writing materials, but we have no idea why the pulpit was destroyed. Did these esteemed students (who were themselves scholars) have no knowledge of the verses on patience

      7.Shah Abdul Aziz Muhadith Dehlavi while explaining the philosophy of Martyrdom writes in the preface of his Book ‘Sirr al Shahdatain': “The martyrdom of Imam Husayn (as) is in reality the martyrdom of his grandfather Muhammad Mustafa (s)”We therefore infer from this that mourning of the leader of the martyrs, Husayn (as) is mourning (Azadari) of his grandfather the Seal of Prophets, the most beloved of Allah’s creation, Muhammad Mustafa (s).

      8. In Uswa – e – Sufia Uzzaam, Page 9 that :Sheikh al Islam Maqdoom Ala’ al Haq Pindavi (ra) used to mourn for all ten days of Muharam and would say:”How could one achieve sainthood when he does not mourn and weep on the family of the Holy Prophet (s) and perform Azadari for these pure personalities? One who doesn’t have a heart of stone.” Thus a Sunni saint has himself declared that he who does not perform Azadari cannot be a saint (wali) and he who abstains from such mourning, is stone – hearted.

        ABOUT THE EVENT OF DEATH OF THE PROPHET

      Ibn Abbas cried and even Bhukari in his Sahih mentions this incident as a “Calamity of Thursday”
      Narrated by Said bin Jubair
      That he heard Ibn ‘Abbas saying, “thursday! And you know not what thursday is? After that Ibn ‘Abbas wept till the stones on the ground were soaked with his tears. On that I asked Ibn ‘Abbas, “What is (about) thursday?” He said, “When the condition (i.e. health) of Allah’s Apostle deteriorated, he said, ‘Bring me a bone of scapula, so that I may write something for you after which you will never go astray.’The people differed in their opinions although it was improper to differ in front of a prophet, They said, ‘What is wrong with him? Do you think he is delirious? Ask him (to understand). The Prophet replied, ‘Leave me as I am in a better state than what you are asking me to do.’ Then the Prophet ordered them to do three things saying, ‘Turn out all the pagans from the Arabian Peninsula, show respect to all foreign delegates by giving them gifts as I used to do.’ ” The sub-narrator added, “The third order was something beneficial which either Ibn ‘Abbas did not mention or he mentioned but I forgot.’ [SAHIH BUKHARI, Eng Volume 4, Book 53, Number 393 ]

      H.Abu Bakr wept on death of Holy prophet (s)
      Narrated by H.’Aisha
      Abu Bakr came from his house at As-Sunh on a horse. He dismounted and entered the Mosque, but did not speak to the people till he entered upon ‘Aisha and went straight to Allah’s Apostle who was covered with Hibra cloth (i.e. a kind of Yemenite cloth). He then uncovered the Prophet’s face and bowed over him and kissed him and wept, saying, “Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you. [SAHIH BUKHARI, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 733

      Narrated by H.’Aisha
      (the wife of the Prophet) Allah’s Apostle died while Abu Bakr was at a place called As-Sunah (Al-‘Aliya) ‘Umar stood up and said, “By Allah! Allah’s Apostle is not dead!” ‘Umar (later on) said, “By Allah! Nothing occurred to my mind except that.” He said, “Verily! Allah will resurrect him and he will cut the hands and legs of some men.” Then Abu Bakr came and uncovered the face of Allah’s Apostle, kissed him and said, “Let my mother and father be sacrificed for you, (O Allah’s Apostle), you are good in life and in death. By Allah in Whose Hands my life is, Allah will never make you taste death twice.” Then he went out and said, “O oath-taker! Don’t be hasty.” When Abu Bakr spoke, ‘Umar sat down. Abu Bakr praised and glorified Allah and said, No doubt! Whoever worshipped Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but whoever worshipped Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die.” Then he recited Allah’s Statement.: “(O Muhammad) Verily you will die, and they also will die.” (39.30) He also recited: “Muhammad is no more than an Apostle; and indeed many Apostles have passed away, before him, If he dies Or is killed, will you then Turn back on your heels? And he who turns back On his heels, not the least Harm will he do to Allah And Allah will give reward to those Who are grateful.” (3.144) The people wept loudly….. [SAHIH BUKHARI,Volume 5, Book 57, Number 19]

      ABOUT WEEPING FOR DEATH

        Holy Prophet(s) wept on the death of his son Ibrahim
        Narrated by Anas bin Malik
        We went with Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) to the blacksmith Abu Saif, and he was the husband of the wet-nurse of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet). Allah’s Apostle took Ibrahim and kissed him and smelled him and later we entered Abu Saif’s house and at that time Ibrahim was in his last breaths, and the eyes of Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) started shedding tears. ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf said, “O Allah’s Apostle, even you are weeping!” He said, “O Ibn ‘Auf, this is mercy.” Then he wept more and said, “The eyes are shedding tears and the heart is grieved, and we will not say except what pleases our Lord, O Ibrahim ! Indeed we are grieved by your separation.” [SAHIH BUKHARI, Volume 2, Book 23, Number 39]

        Narrated by Usama
        A son of one of the daughters of the Prophet was dying, so she sent a person to call the Prophet. He sent (her a message), “What ever Allah takes is for Him, and whatever He gives is for Him, and everything has a limited fixed term (in this world) so she should be patient and hope for Allah’s reward.” She then sent for him again, swearing that he should come. Allah’s Apostle got up, and so did Mu’adh bin Jabal, Ubai bin Ka’b and ‘Ubada bin As-Samit. When he entered (the house), they gave the child to Allah’s Apostle while its breath was disturbed in his chest. (The sub-narrator said: I think he said, “…as if it was a water skin.”) Allah’s Apostle started weeping whereupon Sa’d bin ‘Ubada said, “Do you weep?” The Prophet said, “Allah is merciful only to those of His slaves who are merciful (to others).” [SAHIH BUKHARI, Volume 9, Book 93, Number 540]

        Narrated by Anas bin Malik
        The Prophet said, “Zaid took over the flag and was martyred. Then it was taken by Jafar who was martyred as well. Then ‘Abdullah bin Rawaha took the flag but he too was martyred and at that time the eyes of Allah’s Apostle were full of tears. Then Khalid bin Al-Walid took the flag without being nominated as a chief (before hand) and was blessed with victory.” [SAHIH BUKHARI Volume 2, Book 23, Number 338]
        Narrated by Anas bin Malik
        Allah’s Apostle delivered a sermon and said, “Zaid received the flag and was martyred, then Ja’far took it and was martyred, then ‘Abdullah bin Rawaha took it and was martyred, and then Khalid bin Al-Walid took it without being appointed, and Allah gave him victory.” The Prophet added, “I am not pleased (or they will not be pleased) that they should remain (alive) with us,” while his eyes were shedding tears.[SAHIH BUKHARI Volume 4, Book 52, Number 29]

        Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar
        Sad bin ‘Ubada became sick and the Prophet along with ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Auf, Sad bin Abi Waqqas and ‘Abdullah bin Masud visited him to enquire about his health. When he came to him, he found him surrounded by his household and he asked, “Has he died?” They said, “No, O Allah’s Apostle.” The Prophet wept and when the people saw the weeping of Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) they all wept. He said, “Will you listen? Allah does not punish for shedding tears, nor for the grief of the heart but he punishes or bestows His Mercy because of this, He pointed to his tongue .” and added, “The deceased is punished for the wailing of his relatives over him.” ‘Umar used to beat with a stick and throw stones and put dust over the faces (of those who used to wail over the dead).[SAHIH BUKHARI Volume 2, Book 23, Number 391]

        The tradition of Umar and his son as explained by H.Ayesha
        Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Ubaidullah bin Abi Mulaika
        ……Ibn Abbas added, “When ‘Umar died I told all this to Aisha and she said, ‘May Allah be merciful to Umar. By Allah, Allah’s Apostle did not say that a believer is punished by the weeping of his relatives. But he said, Allah increases the punishment of a non-believer because of the weeping of his relatives.” Aisha further added, “The Quran is sufficient for you (to clear up this point) as Allah has stated: ‘No burdened soul will bear another’s burden.’ ” (35.18). Ibn Abbas then said, “Only Allah makes one laugh or cry.” Ibn Umar did not say anything after that [SAHIH BUKHARI Eng Volume 2, Book 23, Number 375] & [Sahih Muslim. Chap. 9, Tradition No.25]

        Zainab binte Jahash the wife of Prophet (s.a.w.s.) narrates:
        One day the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s) was in my house and Husain (a.s.) was also there. For some moments I forgot about him. He entered into the Prophet’s room. I tried to pick him up but the Messenger of Allah restrained me. Then he stood up to perform the prayers while holding Husain (a.s.) in his arms. When he went into ruku (bending in genuflection) or sajdah (prostration) he put down Husain (a.s.) and again took him in his arms when he stood up. Then he sat down and wept. When he finished his prayers I said, “O Messenger of Allah! Today I have seen you do something that I had never seen before.”
        He said, “Jibraeel came to me and informed me that this Husain (a.s.) will be killed by my ummat (people).” (Mustadrakul Sahihain, 4:398)
        He then showed me the soil of the place of his martyrdom. He gave me (a handful of) red dust.”

        It is human’s nature that a person weep or grief on him, whom he loves very much. No one weeps on an unknown person or enemy. It is not BIDDAD to weep, because weeping is in human’s nature and it is gifted by ALLAH, so He never prohibit such a thing which He has kept in our nature. As ALLAH says in Holy Quran, “And that is He (Allah) it is Who makes (Men) laugh and makes (them) weep”. (Chp-53 : Verse-43)

        Now you can judge by this few tradition with YOUR SELVES,
        1) Whether Weeping is in human’s nature and its attachment is with the heart or not?
        2) If someone is put to death by torture, whom we love, then, will we weep in his respect or not?
        3) If such a tragedy falls on the day of Eid, or any death occurs in our family, shall we celebrate that day as a Eid?
        4) If Prophet Muhammad (P.) can weep on Hazrat Husain (p), Why can’t we?
        5) Is it suitable to celebrate Marriage, Birthday or any other function in the month of Muharram?
        6) Do we celebrate or do we attend such happy occasions when there is a death of our beloved? where as Imam Husein (a) was the beloved of Holy prophet (s)
        7) Whether grieving for martyr is Biddad or Sunnah of Holy Prophet (P.)?
        8) Whether a day of Ashura is a day of Sorrow or Happiness?

      • ruhi Says:

        subhanallah.very good.masha-allah u have good knowledge and way of replying the one who raise questions against azadaari and call weeping to be biddat. i cant say anything else but “ALLAH,RASOOL(SAWW) AND BIBI ZEHRA(SA) WOULD REWARD U FOR THIS.” keep on updating ur knowledge
        YA ALI MADAD

  65. taj Says:

    it was very nice to read about IMAM Hussain and their follwers…………..

  66. Riyaj Khan Says:

    Aaj Ashura he, the 10th day of Muharram, the first month of muslim calender.

  67. md salim ansari Says:

    very informative and inspiringnote. thnks 4 the information provided

  68. Mohammad Saleem Haider Says:

    Assalamoalaikum,
    today i went to see the muharram in lucknow and almost untouched by it till today, when i seen the crowd and the atmosphere i feel something is happening to me, after a long time i feel such things, and from them a desire has came in my heart to know why people celebrate or do this, i read this article from start to last, i am crying at the moment and transferred my soul to the battlefield of kerbala to feel the same thing which imam hussain and their troops feels, i wish i could be there, this artcle has changed my view for a lot of things in this worlds, thanx a lot for such a beautiful work, allah bless you with is devine power to you, thanx a lot for make me proud of becoming a muslim, Mohammad Saleem Haider, Lucknow, India

  69. muharram noha Says:

    mashAllah, this is very informative post, I daily visit your blog really all work is very appreciable and you have done very superbly!! Thanks for sharing such a great and useful things..

  70. ajaz Says:

    mashaallah g8 we need o keep fasting and pray for them with their efforts we are here living a piece life

  71. KULSOOM Says:

    MMMMAAAASSSSHHHHAAAALLLLLLLLAAAAHHHH I THINK ALL PEOPLE HAVE TO READ IT WE LEARN ABOUT MORE THAN MORE ABOUT ISLAM

  72. Razia Says:

    Jazakallah for this article i have learnt so much from this and has really made me think how important it is to know about those beautiful people who sacrificed there all for Allah SWT

  73. vequar khan Says:

    it was truth.i cant say any thing

  74. zullaikha Says:

    thank you so much for this. I really needed to know the meaning of muharram and now i have the background :)

  75. IRFAN Says:

    NO DOUBT ON THE SHAHADAT OF HASAN & HUSSAIN. THEY HAVE SACRIFIED THEIR LIFE.

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  77. Husain katib Says:

    Well written! Allah grace you with happiness and patience!

  78. Modassir Akhtar Says:

    Good work brother. You have made me cry

  79. sunofladies Says:

    Great work.May Allah bless you! Its very concise and well written. Thanks alot.Now i can finally look up other big volumes as Ive got the general highlights. :)
    Mashallah!

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