Gratitude stands for thanking the conferrer for his graces and using them in the fields that he accepts. It is one of the qualities of perfection that grow and perpetuate the graces. Because of His absolute self-sufficiency, God does not benefit by one’s thanks. As a matter of fact, the benefits of thanks are due to the thankful himself, since he expresses his appreciation for the divine graces and uses them in the fields that achieve the contentment of God. So, the thankful person’s happiness lies in his acts of obedience to God.

The Islamic Sharia, through texts of the holy Quran and Sunna, has called people to be characterized with gratitude:

“Thank Me and do not show ingratitude to Me. (2:152)”

“Eat of the sustenance of your Lord and give thanks to Him. (34:15)”

“Remember when your Lord said to you, ‘If you give thanks, I shall give you greater (favors), but if you deny the

Truth, know that My retribution is severe’ (14:7).”

“Very few of My servants are grateful. (34:13)”

The Prophet (s) said: “He who eats and gives thanks will have the reward of him who fasts purely for the sake of Allah. He who gives thanks and enjoys good health will have the same reward of him who practices patience in his illness. He whom is conferred with graces and gives thanks will have the same reward of him whom is deprived and satisfied.”

Imam al-Baqir (a) said: “If you look at an ailed person, you should say, but not let him hear you, ‘All praise is due to Allah Who protects me from that which inflicted you, but if He wills, He shall do.’ He who says so will never be befallen by that ailment.”

Imam as-Sadiq (a) said: “He who is conferred with thanks will be granted increase. Allah says: ‘ If you give thanks, I shall give you greater (favors).'”

The thanks of every grace, no matter how big it is, is to praise Allah for it.”

“The gratitude that is shown to Allah for any grace, no matter how big it is, is surely better and weightier than the grace itself.

“Verily, one of you drinks water and Allah assigns Paradise to him on that account. Verily, one who takes the vessel (containing water), brings it to his mouth, then takes Allah’s name, then drinks from it, then draws it away while desiring it, then praises Allah, then drinks from it again, then takes it away while he desires it, then praises Allah, then drinks from it again, then sets it aside and praises Allah, Allah makes the paradise obligatory for him.”

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Be careful of whom you associate with.

 A scorpion, being a very poor swimmer, asked a turtle to carry Him on his back across a river.  “Are you crazy?” exclaimed the Turtle.   

“You’ll sting me while I’m swimming and I’ll drown.”   “My dear turtle,” laughed the scorpion, “if I were to sting you, You would drown and I would go down with you. Now where is the logic in that?”  

“You’re right!” cried the turtle.  “Hop on!”  The scorpion Climbed aboard and halfway across the river gave the turtle a Mighty sting.   As they both sank to the bottom, the turtle resignedly said: “Do you mind if I ask you something?  You said there’d be no Logic in your stinging me.  Then why did you do it?” “It has nothing to do with logic,” the drowning scorpion sadly replied. “It’s just my character.”  

Be careful of whom you associate with. 

Etiquette of Drinking (آداب الشرب)

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ When anyone of you drink water and say Bismillah (English, In the name of Gad), then he interrupts drinking and says, Alhamdo lillah (English, Praise be to Allah), and repeats the process three time, water will praise the Lord on his behalf (as long as it stays in his stomach) until it leaves his body.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

•عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال : اذا شرب أحدكم الماء فقال : بسم الله .. ثم قطعه فقال : الحمد لله ، ثم شرب فقال : بسم الله .. ثم قطعه فقال : الحمد لله ، ثم شرب فقال : بسم الله .. ثم قطعه فقال : الحمد لله ، سبح ذلك الماء له مادام في بطنه الى أن يخرج . {الوسائل من ابواب الاشربة والاطعمة}

According to abu-Dawood al-Raqy. “ I was in Imam al-Sadiq’s (a.s) place when he asked for a drink. When he started drinking, he began shedding tears and his eyes were bathed with it. He then said to me: ‘ O, Dawood! May Allah’s curse be upon the one who murdered al-Husayn (a.s); I have never drank cold water but remembered al-Husayn (a.s); no man drinks water and remembers al-Husayn (a.s) and his household and curses his murderers but a hundred thousand righteous deeds are reckoned to his credit and a hundred thousand bad deeds are dropped from his credit; and his rank will be raised by a hundred thousand and he is given the credit of freeing a hundred thousand men, and Allah will gather him delighted with al-Husayn (a.s).” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of permissible beverages)

•عن داود الرقي قال : كنت عند أبي عبد الله (ع) اذ استسقى الماء ، فلما شربه رأيته قد استعبر واغرورقت عيناه بدموعه ثم قال لي : ياداود .. لعن الله قاتل الحسين (ع) اني ماشربت ماءً بارداً الا ذكرت الحسين (ع) ، ومامن عبد شرب الماء فذكر الحسين (ع) وأهل بيته ولعن قاتله .. الاكتب الله عز وجل له مائة ألف حسنة وحط عنه مائة ألف سيئة ورفع له مائة ألف درجة ، وكأنما أعتق مائة ألف نسمة ، وحشره الله يوم القيامة معه ثلج الفؤاد .{الوسائل من أبواب الاشربة المباحة}

According to Solayman Bin Khalid: “ I asked for abu-Abdullah’s (Imam al-Sadiq a.s) opinion on the uninterrupted gulping of beverages, he replied: ‘ It is reprehensible (not commendable) and that is (what the Koran calls) al-Heem’s (thirsty camels’) way of drinking. I said: ‘What are they?’ He replied: ‘Camels’. (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of permissible beverages)

•عن سليمان بن خالد قال : سألت أبا عبد الله (ع) عن الرجل يشرب بالنفس الواحد قال : يكره ذلك وذاك شرب الهيم .. قلت : وماالهيم ؟ .. قال : الابل . {الوسائل من أبواب الاشربة المباحة}

According to Jarrah al-Mada`iny: “ Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) did not like it when a man eats with his left hand, drinks with it or receives with it.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of permissible beverages)

•عن جراح المدايني قال : كره أبو عبدالله (ع) أن يأكل الرجل بشماله ، أو يشرب بها ، أو يتناول بها .{الوسائل من أبواب الأشربة المباحة}

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ If you want to drink water at night, stir the vessel and say: O, water (twice), Zamzam (the well in Holy Mecca, close to Kaaba) and the Euphrates (river) extend their greetings to you.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of permissible beverages)

•قال أبو عبدالله (ع) : اذا أردت أن تشرب الماء بالليل فحرك الاناء ، وقل : يا ماء ، ماء زمزم والفرات .. يقرآنك السلام . {الوسائل من أبواب الأشربة المباحة}

Imam Ali (a.s) said: “ Water is the superior beverage in this world and in the hereafter.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of permissible beverages)

قال أمير المؤمنين (ع) : الماء سيد الشراب في الدنيا والآخرة . {الوسائل من أبواب الأشربة المباحة}

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Offering water is the best kind of donations.” (Tib al-Nabiy)

قال النبي(ص) : أفضل الصدقة الماء .{طب النبي(ص)}

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Sip water and do not gulp it down.” (Tib al-Nabiy)

قال النبي (ص) : إذا اشتهيتم الماء فاشربوه مصاً ، ولا تشربوه عباً.{طب النبي (ص)}

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “Had they drank less water, their bodies would have been sounder. When the Prophet (s.a.w) ate fatty food, he used to drink less water. When he was asked about it, he said: ‘It makes food more palatable.”

قال الصادق (ع) : لو أنهم أقلوا من شرب الماء لاستقامت أبدانهم .. قال : وكان النبي ص إذا أكل دسما أقل من شرب الماء .. فقيل له : يا رسول الله .. إنك لتقل من شرب الماء ، فقال : إنه أمرأ للطعام .

Imam al-Baqir (a.s): “ It is tastier and healthier to drink water from the standing position.”

قال الباقر (ع) : شرب الماء من قيام أمرأ و أصح.

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ The water of (the well of) Zamzam is a remedy.” {Drinking Zamzam’s water remedies the illness}. (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of permissible beverages)

قال رسول الله (ص) : ماء زمزم دواء مما شرب له .{الوسائل من أبواب الأشربة المباحة}

Eating Etiquette (آداب الاكل)

After finishing the meal

Imam al-Ridha (al-Riza) (a.s) said: “ After you finish eating, lay on your back and put your right leg on the left one.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

Imam `Ali (a.s) said: “ Eat what falls off the table for it is, by God’s leave, a remedy for every malady to whoso wants to use it (as a remedy).” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

Al-Hasan Bin Mo`awiya reported on the authority of his father: “ We had a meal at Imam al-Sadiq’s (a.s) place. When the table was lifted, he picked up what fell off it and ate it and said, ‘It keeps away poverty and increases offsprings’. (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Eating a piece of bread after coming across it is counted as a single righteous deed; and washing a piece of bread and lifting it from dirt, is counted as seventy righteous deeds.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

Imam al-Ridha (a.s) said: “ He who eats something inside of his house and some of it falls off, let him pick it up; and he who eats something in the desert or outdoors, let him leave it for the birds and the wild animals.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ He who traces what falls off his table and eats it, will have poverty deport him, his offsprings and the offsprings of his offsprings until the seventh (generation).” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ What falls off the table is the wide-eyed houris’ dowries.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “Indeed; the guest has a right to be treated hospitably and for toothpicks to be prepared for him.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)
On the authority of Imam al-Sadiq (a.s): “ As for what is in the gum, eat it and swallow it; and as for what is in between the teeth, throw it away.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

The companions of Imam1Ali (a.s) reported that:“ Ameer al-Momineen (a nickname of his) used to command us when we cleaned in between the teeth, not to drink water until we had rinsed our mouths thrice.” (Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq)

آداب مابعد الطعام ، واستحباب تخليل الأسنان بعد الأكل

عن الامام الرضا (ع) قال : اذا أكلت فاستلقِ على قفاك وضع رجلك اليمنى على اليسرى .{الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

قال أمير المؤمنين (ع) : كلوا ما يسقط من الخوان فانه شفاء من كل داء باذن الله لمن أراد أن يستشفي به .{الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

عن الحسن بن معاوية بن وهب عن أبيه قال : أكلنا عند أبي عبد الله (ع) فلما رفع الخوان لقط ماوقع عنه فأكله ، ثم قال: انه ينفي الفقر ويكثر الولد .{ الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

قال رسول الله (ص) : من وجد كسرة فأكلها كان له حسنة ، ومن وجدها في قذر فغسلها ثم رفعها كان له سبعون حسنة .{الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

عن الرضا (ع) : من أكل في منزله طعاما ، فسقط منه شيئا فليتناوله ، ومن أكل في الصحراء أو خارجا ، فليتركه للطير والسبع .{الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

قال رسول الله (ص) : من تتبع ما يقع من مائدته فأكله ذهب عنه الفقر وعن ولده وعن ولد ولده الى السابع .{الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

قال رسول الله (ص) : الذي يسقط من المائدة مهور الحور العين . {الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

قال رسول الله (ص) : ان من حق الضيف أن يكرم وأن يعد له الخلال . {الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال : اما مايكون في اللثة فكله وازدرده ، ومايكون بين الاسنان فارم به . {الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

عن أصحاب أمير المؤمنين (ع) : كان أمير المؤمنين يأمرنا اذا تخللنا أن لانشرب الماء حتى نتمضمض ثلاثا .{مكارم الاخلاق}

Valuing bread

On the authority of Imam al-Sadiq (a.s): “ Treat bread with dignity, for Almighty Allah sent it down from the blessings of heaven.” Someone asked: “ How is that done?” Imam al-Sadiq replied: “ By starting eating as soon as it is put on the table. Were it not for bread, we would not (be able to) pray nor fast nor perform the duties imposed by Allah.”

The Messenger (s.a.w) said: “ Be careful not to smell bread as predators do, because bread is blessed; Allah poured out rain from the sky in abundance for its sake; He made pasturage grow for its sake; and by it you prayed, fasted and made the pilgrimage to your Lord’s house (Kaaba). (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

The Messenger (s.a.w) said: “ When you are offered bread and meat, start with the bread and ally the hunger, then eat the meat.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

Imam al-Ridha (a.s) said: “ Do not cut bread with the (steal) knife, but rather break it with the hand, be different from the Non-Arabs.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

The Messenger (s.a.w) said: “ Make your loaves small, because with every loaf there comes a blessing.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

استحباب اكرام الخبز

عن الصادق (ع) قال : اكرموا الخبز ، فان الله عز وجل أنزله من بركات السماء ، قيل : ومااكرامه ؟ قال : اذا حضر لم ينتظر به غيره ، فلولا الخبز ما صلينا ولا صمنا ولاأدينا فرض الله .

قال رسول الله (ص) : إياكم أن تشموا الخبز كما يشمه السباع ، فان الخبز مبارك أرسل الله له السماء مدرارا ، وله أنبت المرعى ، وبه صليتم وبه صمتم وحججتم بيت ربكم . {الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

قال رسول الله (ص) : اذا أتيتم بالخبز واللحم ، فابدأوا بالخبز فسدوا خلال الجوع ، ثم كلوا اللحم . {الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

عن الرضا (ع) قال : لاتقطعوا الخبز بالسكين ، ولكن اكسروه باليد ، خالفوا العجم . {الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

عن رسول الله (ص) : صغرّوا رغفانكم ، فان مع كل رغيف بركة . {الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

Preferring some foods over others

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ Noah complained to his Lord of being distressed, so Allah inspired him to; eat grapes for it takes away distress.

Another narration cites ‘black grapes’ instead. (Reference: Al-Jawahir al-Assaniyya Fi al-Ahadith al-Qodsiyya)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Those who eat the bone marrow are the evil ones of my (Muslim) community.” (Reference: Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ (eating) Meat make the flesh grow; and he who omits eating it for forty days will have his body condition deteriorate.” (Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Whosoever eats fruit one by one, won’t be harmed by it.” {Eating fruit one by one does not bring harm}. (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Whosoever wants to memorize things well, let him eat honey.” {Eating honey helps the memory}.

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Do have fruit at the beginning of their season, because they make the body sound and put away sadness; and discard them at the end of their season, for they make the body ill.”

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Do have pomegranate and eat its pulp, for it tans the stomach; and no seed falls into the belly of anyone of you but it enlightens his heart and keeps him away from the Devil and the wicked thoughts for forty days.”

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Eat grapes seed by seed, because it is more beneficial (healthful).”

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Whosoever eats a pomegranate until he finishes it, will have Allah enlighten his heart for forty days.” (Tib al-Nabiy)

استحباب بعض الطعام

عن أبي عبد الله (ع) : إن نوحاً شكا الى ربه الغم فأوحى الله إليه أن كل العنب فانه يذهب الغم … وفي حديث آخر ” أن كل العنب الأسود ” . {الجواهر السنية في الأحاديث القدسية}

قال النبي (ص) : شرار أمتي الذين يأكلون مخاخ العظام . {طب النبي(ص)}

قال النبي (ص) : اللحم ينبت اللحم ، ومن ترك اللحم أربعين صباحا ساء خلقه .{طب النبي(ص)}

قال النبي (ص) : اللحم ينبت اللحم ، ومن ترك اللحم أربعين صباحا ساء خلقه .{طب النبي(ص)}

قال النبي(ص) : من أراد الحفظ فليأكل العسل .

قال النبي (ص) : عليكم بالفواكه في إقبالها فإنها مصحة للأبدان ، مطردة للأحزان ، و ألقوها في أدبارها فإنها داء الأبدان .

قال النبي (ص) : عليكم بالرمان وكلوا شحمه فإنه دباغ المعدة ، وما من حبة تقع في جوف أحدكم إلا أنارت قلبه وحبسته من الشيطان والوسوسة أربعين يوما.

قال النبي(ص) : كل العنب حبة حبة فإنها أهنأ .

قال النبي (ص) : من أكل رمانة حتى يتممها نور الله قلبه أربعين يوما .{طب النبي(ص)}

The table’s étiquette

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ There are twelve qualities regarding the table a Muslim must learn; four of them are obligatory, four of them are customary and four of them are good manners. As for the obligatory, they are: Knowing what is being eaten, pronouncing the name of God (by saying ‘Bismillah’), thankfulness and content. The customary ones are: Sitting on the left leg, eating with three fingers, eating from what is next to you and sucking the fingers. The good manners are: Taking smaller bites, chewing hard, minimal looking at other people’s faces and washing the hands.” (Reference: Al-Khisal)

The Prophet (s.a.w) prohibited eating while in a state of major ritual impurity (jonaba), and said it cause poverty. (Reference: Man-la- yahdhoroho al-Faqeeh P.4, pp.4)

The Prophet (s.a.w) prohibited eating with the left hand and eating while reclining. (Reference: Man-la- yahdhoroho al-Faqeeh P.4, pp.4)

The Prophet (s.a.w) prohibited blowing on foods or beverages or blowing on the prostration site.

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Eat when you feel the appetite, and stop eating when you still feel the appetite.” (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy-Prophetic Medicine)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ A meal most shared is a meal most liked by Allah.” {The meal Allah likes most is the one shared by many hands}. (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Eating with one finger is the way Satan eats; eating with two fingers is the way tyrants eat; and eating with three fingers is the way prophets eat.” (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Cool the meal off, because the hot meal lacks the blessing (it does not ally hunger).” (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Take off your sandals when you are eating because it is more comfortable to your feet and also it is a nice custom.” (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Eating with the servants is modesty; and Paradise longs for whosoever eats with them.” (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Eating in the market place is lowly.” (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ When the table is put down, let each of you eat from what is next to him, and let him not start with the meal’s summit, because the blessing comes through the table’s highest portion; and let no one of you rise or take his hand off even if he is sated until the others have taken their hands off, because it embarrasses the table companions.” {Eat from what is next to you; don’t start from the summit; don’t stop eating until others have done so}. (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ The blessing lies in the centre of the meal, so start eating from the brim on, not the reverse.” (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ The bowl asks for God’s forgiveness for the one who licks it out.” (Reference:Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Eat in a group not individually for the blessing is with the group.” (Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Bread is the best of all food, and grapes is the best of all fruit.” (Tib al-Nabiy)

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ Three bites with salt taken before the meal turn away from the son of Adam seventy-two kinds of affliction including madness and leprosy (in all its forms).” (Tib al-Nabiy)

آداب المائدة

عن النبي (ص)قال : للرجل المسلم أثنتا عشرة خصلة ينبغي له أن يتعلمها في المائدة :أربع منها فريضة ، وأربع منها سنة ، وأربع منها أدب ، فأما الفريضة : فالمعرفة بما يأكل والتسمية والشكر والرضا ، وأما السنة : فالجلوس على الرجل اليسرى والاكل بثلاث أصابع وأن يأكل مما يليه ومص الاصابع ، وأما الادب : فتصغير اللقمة والمضغ الشديد وقلة النظر في وجوه الناس وغسل اليدين . {الخصال}

نهى رسول الله (ص) عن الاكل على الجنابة ، وقال انه يورث الفقر .{من لايحضره الفقيه ج4 ص4 }

نهى النبي (ص) أن يأكل الانسان بشماله ، وأن يأكل وهو متكىء .{ من لايحضره الفقيه ج4ص4}

نهى النبي(ص) أن ينفخ في طعام أو شراب ، أو أن ينفخ في موضع السجود .

قال النبي(ص) : كل وأنت تشتهي ، وأمسك وأنت تشتهي .{ طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي(ص) : أحب الطعام الى الله تعالى ما كثرت عليه الأيدي . { طب النبي(ص) }

قال النبي (ص) : برّد الطعام .. فإن الحار لابركة فيه . { طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي (ص) : الأكل مع الخدم من التواضع .. فمن أكل معهم اشتاقت اليه الجنة . {طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي(ص) : البركة في وسط الطعام .. فكلوا من حافاته ، ولا تأكلوا من وسطه . { طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي(ص) : الأكل بإصبع واحدة أكل الشيطان ، والأكل بالاثنين أكل الجبابرة ، وبالثلاث أكل الأنبياء . { طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي (ص) : إذا أكلتم .. فاخلعوا نعالكم ، فإنه أروح لأقدامكم ، وإنه سنة جميلة . { طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي (ص) : الأكل في السوق من الدناءة . { طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي (ص) : إذا وضعت المائدة فليأكل أحدكم مما يليه ، ولا يتناول ذروة الطعام فإن البركة تأتيها من أعلاها ، ولا يقوم أحدكم ولا يرفع يده وإن شبع حتى يرفع القوم أيديهم فإن ذلك يخجل جليسه . { طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي (ص) : القصعة تستغفر لمن يلحسها . { طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي(ص) : كلوا جميعاً ولاتفرقوا فإن البركة مع الجماعة . {طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي (ص) : خير طعامكم الخبز ، وخير فاكهتكم العنب . { طب النبي (ص) }

قال النبي (ص) : ثلاث لقمات بالملح قبل الطعام تصرف عن ابن آدم اثنين وسبعين نوعاً من البلاء منه الجنون والجذام والبرص . { طب النبي (ص) }


Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ Three things cause Allah’s hatred: Sleeping without sleeplessness, laughing without wonder (a cause), and eating on fullness.” (Reference: Al-Khisal V.! pp.89)

Johayfa said: “ I visited the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HH) and I was belching. So, he said: ‘ O, Johayfa! Put down your belching! The more sated man is in this world, the longest his hunger will last on the Day of Resurrection’. (Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq)

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ It is inescapable that man eats a meal to maintain his strength. So, when you eat, leave a third of your stomach for food, a third for drink and a third for air; and do not become fat as hogs fattened for slaughter.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

كراهة الافراط في الاكل .

عن الصادق (ع) ، ثلاث فيهن المقت من الله عز وجل : نوم من غير سهر ، وضحك من غير عجب ، وأكل على الشيع. {الخصال ج ص89}

عن جحيفة ، قال أتيت رسول الله (ص) وأنا أتجشأ ، فقال يا جحيفة : اخفض جشاءك ، فإن اكثر الناس شبعا في الدنيا أطولهم جوعا يوم القيامة . { مكارم الاخلاق ص 149 }

قال أبوعبدالله (ع) : ليس بد لابن آدم من أكلة يقيم بها صلبه ، فاذا أكل أحدكم فليجعل ثلث بطنه للطعام ، وثلث للشراب ، وثلث للنفس ..ولاتسمنوا تسمن الخنازير للذبح. { الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة }.

Pronouncing Allah’s name before, and thanking Him after the meal

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ When the messengers (angels) came to Abraham (a.s), he brought them the (roasted) calf and said: ‘Go ahead and eat’. They said: ‘We won’t eat until you tell us what is its price!’ He said: ‘When you start eating say; In Allah’s name (Arabic, Bismillah), and when you finish say; Praise be to Allah (Arabic, Alhamdo lillah)’. (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

According to Imam al-Sadiq (a.s), about pronouncing Allah’s name upon eating, I (anonymous) said: “ What if I forgot to pronounce Allah’s name?” He (Imam al-Sadiq) said: “ You say; In the name of Allah (Bismillah) upon its beginning and its end.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ When the table is set and one of you pronounces Allah’s name (before starting to eat), it would serve instead of all of them doing it.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

I complained to Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) about the pain I am having when I eat. He said: “ Do you pronounce Allah’s name upon eating? I said: “ I surely do, and it still hurts. He said: “ When you interrupt pronouncing Allah’s name by speaking, do you do it upon resuming eating? I said: “ No.” He said: “ This is why; had you pronounced Allah’s name upon resuming eating, it wouldn’t have hurt you.” (Reference: Al-Wasa`il, from the book of foods and drinks)

استحباب التسمية والتحميد

عن أبي عبد الله (ع ) قال : لما جاء المرسلون الى أبراهيم (ع) جاءهم بالعجل ، فقال : كلوا ، فقالوا : لانأكل حتى تخبرنا ماثمنه . فقال : اذا أكلتم فقولوا : “بسم الله” ، فاذا فرغتم فقولوا : “الحمد لله” .{ الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة }

عن أبي عبد الله الصادق (ع) : في حديث التسمية على الطعام .. قلت : فان نسيت أن أسمي ؟ .. قال : تقول : ” بسم الله على أوله وآخره ” .{ الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة }

عن أبي عبد الله (ع) : اذا حضرت المائدة فسمى رجل منهم ، أجزأ عنهم أجمعين .{الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

شكوت ما ألقى من أذى الطعام الى أبي عبد الله (ع) اذا أكلت فقال : لم تسمِّ ؟.. فقلت : إني لأسمّي وانه ليضرني ، فقال : اذا قطعت التسمية بالكلام ثم عدت الى الطعام تسمّي ؟ .. قلت : لا ، قال : فمن ههنا يضرك ، أما أنك لو كنت اذا عدت الى الطعام سميّت ما ضرك. {الوسائل من كتاب الاطعمة والاشربة}

5 Reasons Why God Uses Problems

By:- Mrs. F. T. Jaffer…. 

 The problems you face will either defeat you or develop you – depending on how you respond to them. Unfortunately, most people fail to see how God wants to use problems for good in their lives. They react foolishly and resent their problems rather than pausing to consider what benefit they might bring. Here are five ways God wants to use the problems in your life:

1. God uses problems to DIRECT you.
Sometimes God must light a fire under you to get you moving. Problems often point us in a new direction and motivate us to change. Is God trying to get your attention? “Sometimes it takes a painful situation to make us change our ways.” 

2. God uses problems to INSPECT you.
People are like tea bags…if you want to know what’s inside them, just drop them into hot ever water! Has God tested your faith with a problem What do problems reveal about
you? “When you have many kinds of troubles, you should be full of joy, because you know that these troubles test your faith, and this will give you patience.”

3. God uses problems to CORRECT you.
Some lessons we learn only through pain and failure. It’s likely that as a child your parents told you not to touch a hot stove. But you probably learned by being burned.
Sometimes we only learn the value of something… health, money, a relationship. .. by losing it. “It was the best thing that could have happened to me, for it taught me to pay attention to your laws.” 

4. God uses problems to PROTECT you.
A problem can be a blessing in disguise if it prevents you from being harmed by something more serious. Last year a friend was fired for refusing to do something unethical that his boss had asked him to do. His unemployment was a problem – but
it saved him from being convicted and sent to prison a year later when management’s actions were eventually discovered. “You intended to harm me, but God intended it for good…

5. God uses problems to PERFECT you.
Problems, when responded to correctly, are character builders.God is far more interested in your character than your comfort. Your relationship to God and your character are the only two things you’re going to take with you into eternity. “We can rejoice when we run into problems…they help us learn to be patient. And patience develops strength of
character in us and helps us trust God more each time we use it until finally our hope and faith are strong and steady.” 

Here’s the point:
God is at work in your life – even when you do not recognize it or understand it.
But it’s much easier and profitable when you cooperate with Him. “Success can be measured not only in achievements, but in lessons learned, lives touched and moments shared along the way”

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