Islamic Ethics of Trading


According to Imam al-Baqir (a.s): “ It is not recommendable to buy what was not seen.” [Reference: Tahtheeb al-Ahkam Ch.1]

عن أبي جعفر (ع) : انه يكره شراء مالم ير. {تهذيب الاحكام ج1 }

The Prophet (s.a.w) prohibited bargaining between daybreak and sunrise.” [Tahtheeb al-Ahkam Ch.7]

عن رسول الله (ص) : انه نهى عن السوم ما بين طلوع الفجر الى طلوع الشمس .
{تهذيب الاحكام ج7 }

On the reprehensibility of deceiving a believer, Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ deceiving a believer is forbidden.” [Tahtheeb al-Ahkam Ch.7]

في كراهة غبن المؤمن عن أبي عبدالله (ع) : غبن المؤمن حرام .{تهذيب الاحكام ج 7 }

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “ The trader must be mindful of (cautious of) five qualities, otherwise he should not buy or sell: Usury, swearing by God, withholding the defect, commending (the commodity) when he is selling and belittling (it) when he is buying.” [Tahtheeb al-Ahkam Ch.7]

عن رسول الله (ص) : من باع واشترى فليحفظ خمس خصال والا فلا يشتر ولايبيع ، الربا ، والحلف ، وكتمان العيب ، والحمد اذا باع ، والذم اذا اشترى .{تهذيب الاحكام ج7 }

On the undesirability of borrowing from an upstart:
A steward of Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) borrowed food from a man. The man insisted on demanding payment. So, Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said to the steward: “ Haven’t I forbidden you from asking for a loan someone who had known wealth recently.” [Tahtheeb al-Ahkam Ch.7]

كراهة الاستقراض من محدث النعمة ..
استقرض قهرمان لأبي عبدالله (ع) من رجل طعاما ، فألح في التقاضي فقال له أبو عبدالله (ع) : ألم أنهك أن تستقرض من لم يكن له فكان .{تهذيب الاحكام ج 7 }

On the reprehensibility of swearing by God during selling, Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ Beware of swearing, for it erases the blessing and exhausts the commodity.” [Tahtheeb al-Ahkam Ch.7]

كراهة الحلف عند البيع … عن أبي عبد الله (ع) : أياكم والحلف فانه يمحق البركة وينفق السلعة. {تهذيب الاحكام ج7 }

On the desirability of keeping up a profession, Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “ If you profit from doing something, keep doing it.” [Tahtheeb al-Ahkam Ch.7]

في استحباب البقاء على المهنة …عن أبي عبد الله (ع) : قال اذا رزقت من شيء فالزمه . {تهذيب الاحكام ج7 }

The Prophet (s.a.w) prohibited that an employee is hired until he knows his wages.” [Reference: Makrim al-Akhlaq]

نهى النبي (ص) أن يستعمل أجير ، حتى يعلم ما أجرته . {مكارم الأخلاق

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