Rights of Brotherhood between Muslims


Rights of Brotherhood between MuslimsShaykh Muhammad Ridha Al-MuzaffarLast week’s continuation…. When Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) had finished, he said:  “If you fulfill these duties you can call yourself his friend, and he will be your friend too. There are many Traditions told from our Imams (a.s.), and most of them are collected in “Kitab al-Wasa’il” in the relevant sections. 

Some people have imagined that the Imams (a.s.) meant brotherhood only among the Shia’s, but if they were to read the Traditions, they would understand that their imagination is deceiving them, although the Imams (a.s.) did strongly repudiate those whose way was against the Shi’a and who didn’t follow their guidance. Here let’s mention the conversation of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) with Muawiyah ibn Wahab. “How should we treat those who don’t follow our ways?” 

“Look to your Imams whom you obey, and obey them and imitate them. They visit them (i.e. those who are not Shi’a) when they are sick, go to their funerals, give evidence for or against them, and repay their trust.”  No, the brotherhood that the Imams envisaged among their followers is higher than ordinary Islamic brotherhood, and it has been mentioned briefly in the introduction. It will suffice to read the following conversation between Imam Sadiq (a.s.) and Aban ibn Taghlab: 

Aban relates: While I was circumambulating the Ka’ba with Imam Sadiq (a.s.), one of our friends signalled to me that I should immediately go with him to help him. The Imam noticed and said to me: 

“O Aban, does he mean you?” I replied: “Yes.”  “Does he believe in what you believe in?” “Yes.” “Then go with him and break your circumambulation.”I asked if it was incumbent on me to do so, and he said that it was. 

Then I went with the man to help him, and after doing so I returned to the Imam and asked him about the rights of the believers.  “Don’t ask me concerning them,” he said. But I insisted.  “Give your brother half of what you own,” he told me, and looked at me. He understood my surprise and said:  

“O Aban! Do you know that Allah admires those believers who prefer others to themselves?”
I replied: “Yes.”  “When you give your brother half of what you own you, don’t prefer him above yourself, but only when you give him the other half do you really prefer him above yourself.” 

If we feel ashamed on reading this, then really we do not deserve to call ourselves believers. We are quite remote from the teachings of the Imams (a.s.).  Everyone who reads this Tradition becomes astonished as did Aban, but then he pays no further attention to it and forgets it, as if he were not the person addressed, and as if he were not responsible. 

Attachment to Parents

فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللٌّهِ )ص): فَقِرَّ مَعَ وَالِدَيْكَ فَوَ الَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَأَُنْسُهُمَا بِكَ يَوْماً وَ لَيْلَةً خَيْرٌ مِنْ جِهَادِ سَنَةٍ.

[A person once approached the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his family) and said: “I have an old father and mother, who due to their attachment towards me, are not keen for me to go to Jihad.”]

[Hearing this], the Noble Prophet (peace be upon him and his family) said: “(If such is the case then) Stay with your parents for, by the One in whose control lies my soul, their attachment of one day and one night to you is better than one year of Jihad.”

[Biharul Anwar, Volume 74, Page 82]

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