Etiquette of Sickness and Visiting Sick People


Etiquette of Sickness and Visiting Sick People

آداب العيادة والمرض

When the Prophet (s.a.w) would see a pimple on his body he would seek refuge in and humble himself to Allah. He would be asked: ‘Does it matter, O Messenger of Allah?’ He would say that ‘If God wanted to turn a minor concern into a major one, He could; and if He wanted to turn a major concern into a minor one, He could’. [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

و كان رسول الله (ص) إذا رأى في جسمه بثرة عاذ بالله و استكان له و جار إليه ، فيقال له يا رسول الله أهو بأس ؟.. فيقول إن الله إذا أراد أن يعظم صغيرا عظمه ، و إذا أراد أن يصغر عظيما صغره .{ مكارم الاخلاق }

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: Truly, there no ache, misfortune, headache or malady but because of a misdeed (sin); and that is
(found) in Allah’s saying: “Whatever affliction may visit you is for what your hands have earned; and He pardons much.” And what Allah pardons is more than what He punishes for.” [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

عن أبي عبد الله ع قال: أما إنه ليس من عرق يضرب و لا نكبة و لا صداع و لا مرض إلا بذنب و ذلك قوله عز و جل في كتابه : وَ ما أَصابَكُمْ مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ فَبِما كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَ يَعْفُوا عَنْ كَثِيرٍ.. ثم قال : وما يعفو الله أكثر مما يأخذ به .عن أبي عبد الله ع قال أما إنه ليس من عرق يضرب و لا نكبة و لا صداع و لا مرض إلا بذنب و ذلك قوله عز و جل في كتابه وَ ما أَصابَكُمْ مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ فَبِما كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَ يَعْفُوا عَنْ كَثِيرٍ ثم قال و ما يعفو الله أكثر مما يأخذ به .{ مكارم الاخلاق }

He (a.s) said: “When the believer experiences a single episode of fever, his sins would fall off as tree leaves would; and if he becomes bed-ridden, his moaning is counted as tasbeeh (glorifying God)”. [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

قال (ع) : إن المؤمن إذا حم حماة واحدة ، تناثرت الذنوب منه كورق الشجر ، فإن صار على فراشه فأنينه تسبيح…..{ مكارم الاخلاق }

Imam al-Sajjad (a.s) said: ” What a perfect ailment fever is! It gives each organ its fair share of the affliction; and there is no good in someone who is not afflicted.” [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

قال السجاد (ع) : نعم الوجع الحمّى ، يعطي كل عضو قسطه من البلاء ، و لا خير فيمن لا يبتلى .{ مكارم الاخلاق }

Zorarah quoted either Imam al-Baqir or Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) as saying: “Having a single sleepless night from an ailment is superior to, and greater in reward than a year’s worship.”
[Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

زرارة عن أحدهما (ع) قال : سهر ليلة من مرض أو وجع ، أفضل و أعظم أجرا من عبادة سنة .{ مكارم الاخلاق }

Imam al-Baqir (a.s): “One night’s fever equals two years of worship; two nights’ fever equals two years of worship; and three nights’ fever equals seventy years of worship”. Abu-Hamza (Althumaly) said; “What if he does not attain Seventy?” I asked (the Imam). He said: “Then (it will be reckoned) to his parents”. “What if they do not attain (Seventy)?” I asked. He said: “Then it will be reckoned to his relatives.” And what if the do not attain Seventy” I said.
He said: “Then it will be reckoned to his neighbours”. [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

قال الباقر (ع) : قال حمى ليلة تعدل عبادة سنة ، و حمى ليلتين تعدل عبادة سنتين ، و حمى ثلاث تعدل عبادة سبعين سنة .. قال أبو حمزة قلت : فإن لم يبلغ سبعين سنة؟.. قال : فلأبيه و أمه ، قلت : فإن لم يبلغا؟.. قال : فلقرابته ، قلت : فإن لم تبلغ قرابته ؟.. قال : فلجيرانه. { مكارم الاخلاق }

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “If Allah favours a servant, He would look at him; and if He does, He would present him with one of three things: Fever, eye-ache or headache.” [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

قال الصادق (ع) : إن الله إذا أحب عبدا نظر إليه ، و إذا نظر إليه أتحفه بواحدة من ثلاث : إما حمى أو وجع عين أو صداع .{ مكارم الاخلاق }

The sick person has four peculiarities: His misdeeds are off the record, Allah commands an angel to record every kindness he used to do in his health, his illness goes after every organ in his body and removes its sins from it so that he will end up being forgiven whether he dies (from the illness) or survives it. [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

قال رسول الله (ص) : للمريض أربع خصال : يرفع عنه القلم ، و يأمر الله الملك فيكتب له كل فضل كان يعمله في صحته ، و يتبع مرضه كل عضو في جسده فيستخرج ذنوبه منه ، فإن مات مات مغفورا له و إن عاش عاش مغفورا له .{ مكارم الاخلاق }

The Prophet (s.a.w) said: “The perfect visitation of the sick person is when you put your hand on him and ask him how he is feeling. And the handshake is the perfect greeting.” [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

قال (ص): تمام عيادة المريض أن يضع أحدكم يده عليه و يسأله كيف أنت ، كيف أصبحت ، و كيف أمسيت ؟.. و تمام تحيتكم المصافحة .{ مكارم الاخلاق }

A companion of Jafer son of Mohammad (a.s) (Imam al-Sadiq) related: “One of the Imam’s friends became ill and we-a group of the Imam’s friends- went to visit him. The Imam – a.s- stopped us on the way and said: ‘Where are you heading for?’ We said: ‘To visit so-and-so in his sickness.’ ‘Do any of you have on him an apple, a quince, a citron, a little perfume or an incense rod?’ He asked.
‘Nothing of that!’ We replied. He said: ‘Didn’t you know that the sick person is pleased with anything that is presented to him?’ [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]

مولى لجعفر بن محمد (ع) قال : مرض بعض مواليه فخرجنا نعوده و نحن عدة من مواليه ، فاستقبلنا (ع) في بعض الطريق .. فقال: أين تريدون ؟.. فقلنا : نريد فلانا نعوده ، فقال : قفوا ، فوقفنا.. قال: مع أحدكم تفاحة أو سفرجلة أو أترجة أو لعقة من طيب أو قطعة من عود ؟.. فقلنا : ما معنا من هذا شي‏ء ، قال : أما علمتم أن المريض يستريح إلى كل ما أدخل به عليه ؟..{ مكارم الاخلاق }

Imam al-Sadiq (a.s) said: “You put your hand on the painful spot and repeat the following three times; ‘O, Allah! I ask you by the Glorious Koran-which the Faithful Spirit (Gabriel) brought down and with you, in the Essence of The Book, it is sublime and wise-to please cure me with Your Remedy and spare me Your Malady.’
Then pray and ask for blessings for the Prophet (s.a.w). [Reference: al-Kafee vol.2, p. 568]

عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: “تضع يدك على موضع الوجع وتقول: ‘اللهم إني أسألك بحق القرآن العظيم الذي نزل به الروح الأمين وهو عندك في أم الكتاب علي حكيم أن تشفيني بشفائك وتداويني بداوئك وتعافيني من بلائك’ ثلاث مرات وتصلي على محمد وآله” .الكافي ج 2 – ص 568

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